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Bishops Castle Shropshire Family History Guide

Photo of St John The Baptist, Bishops Castle

Bishops Castle is an Ancient Parish and a market town in the county of Shropshire.

Other places in the parish include: Bishop's Castle Borough, Bishop's Castle Out, Broughton, Woodbatch, Colebatch, Lee and Oakeley, Lee with Oakeley, and Colbatch.

Parish church: St John The Baptist

Parish registers begin: 1559

Nonconformists include: Independent/Congregational and Primitive Methodist.

Fairs: February 13th (for cattle and sheep), on the Friday preceding Good Friday (which is a very large fair for horned cattle), on the first Friday after May-day (a pleasure and statute fair) July 5th, (formerly a great wool fair), September 9th and November 13th, for horned cattle, sheep, and horses.

There was a small endowed school with an income of £48, and a National school. The Primitive Methodists had a school for boys and girls here.  The Independents, Primitive Methodists, and Wesleyans each had a chapel in the town.  There was a town hall, market house, and a police station. In 1852 a workhouse for the Clun union of nineteen parishes was erected here.  A market was held every Friday.  There were several stock fairs held on the second Friday in every month, with the exception of May Fair, for the hiring of servants, which was held on the first Friday after May Day.

Bishops Castle Town

Parishes adjacent to Bishops Castle

  • Norbury
  • Dinmore
  • Clun
  • Lydbury North
  • Lydham
  • Mainstone
  • Castlewright
  • Snead

Historical Descriptions

Bishops Castle

THE PARLIAMENTARY GAZETTEER OF ENGLAND AND WALES 1851

Bishop's Castle, a borough, parish, and market-town, with separate jurisdiction, in the hund. of Purslow, union of Clunn, county of Salop, comprising five several townships; 159 miles north west by west of London, and 20 south-west by south of Shrewsbury. The town is built on a hill near the river Clunn. The bishops of Hereford, Camden remarks, “had a castle at Bishop's Castle, the site of which is now the Castle-inn, and the keep a bowling-green, and part of the walls and vaults remaining; a mile from hence towards the borders of Montgomeryshire, on a high hill, is Bishop's Mote, an intrenchment of near an acre, with a keep at the west end; this is supposed a remain of the Roman wars, but more probably of much later date.” The local limits of the borough are extensive, embracing a circuit of about 15 miles, and being from 3 to 4 miles in width in all directions. Living, a vicarage in the archd. of Salop and dio. of Hereford; valued at £9 12s. 11d., and in the parliamentary returns at £129; gross income £385. Patron, in 1835, the Earl of Powis, who takes the great tithes as lay-impropriator. The church presents some fine specimens of Norman architecture. The Independents and Primitive Methodists have chapels here; the Independent church was formed in 1810. Here is a free school for 25 boys and as many girls, founded, in 1737, by Mrs. Mary Morris, and endowed with £1,000 in the 3 per cents. The bishop of Hereford appoints the master. There are, besides, four daily and two Sunday schools here. Charities connected with the parish produce about £17 1s. per annum. The townhouse is an elegant structure, and the streets, though not regular, are remarkable for their cleanness. Water is obtained chiefly from wells, but a small supply is brought in pipes to the market place from the neighbouring hills. Friday is the market-day, when the corn-dealers attend with samples. Fairs are held on Friday before February 13th, Friday before March 15th, first Friday after May day, July 5th, September 9th, and November 13th, for sheep, horned cattle, and horses. The day preceding the last three fairs is for sheep and pigs. The town is governed by a bailiff, recorder, and 15 capital burgesses, assisted by a town-clerk, two sergeants-at-mace, and inferior officers, under charters of 15° Elizabeth and 15° James I. A court of quarter-sessions for the borough is held on the Wednesday after the county quarter-sessions. A court of record is held every second Saturday for the recovery of debts under £20. The petty-sessions for the hundreds of Clunn and Purslow, are held here. The town was erected into a borough in the 26° of Elizabeth, and returned two members to parliament. The right of election was finally vested in the resident burgesses, who were only about 160 in number. The bailiff was return ing officer; and the earl of Powis, as proprietor of the town, had a predominating influence. It was disfranchished by the reform act, but is one of the polling places for the members for South Salop. The common called the Moat, or Burgesses' hill, constitutes the principal landed property of the corporation, which presents the rare example of being free of debt. The fairs are much attended by the Welsh, and the great intercourse with Wales is a source of considerable advantage to the town. Pop., in 1801, 1,313; in 1831, 2,007. Houses 488. Acres 6,000. A P. £8,248. Poor rates, in 1837, £438.

Source: The Parliamentary Gazetteer of England and Wales; A Fullarton & Co. Glasgow; 1851.

A TOPOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF ENGLAND 1831

BISHOP'S CASTLE, a borough, market town, and parish, having separate jurisdiction, though locally in the hundred of Purslow, county of SALOP, 19 miles (N.W. by N.) from Ludlow, 20¼ (S.W. by S.) from Shrewsbury, and 157 (N.W. by W.) from London, containing within the borough, 1616, and, including the whole parish, 1880 inhabitants. This place owes its name to a castle belonging to the bishops of Hereford, that stood here, but of which the site alone, now a bowling-green belonging to the Castle Inn, and some small portions of the enclosing walls, can be traced: a subterraneous passage is said to have subsisted from this castle to another at some distance, the arched entrance to which is shown in the garden of an adjoining house; but it is scarcely distinguishable from the heaps of stones found in various parts of the hill on which the castle stood. The town is partly situated on the summit, but chiefly on the steep declivity of a hill; the houses, in general, are meanly built of unhewn stone, with thatched roofs; though, in detached situations, there are several handsome edifices of modern erection. Such of the inhabitants as have not pumps attached to their houses, are indifferently supplied with water, from a reservoir under the town—hall, into which it is conveyed by pipes from the neighbouring hills. The market is on Friday, and is well supplied with grain, which is sold by sample: the market-house, built within the last twenty years, by the Earl of Powis, is a handsome edifice of stone, supported on piazzas; the area is used as a corn market, the upper part as a school-room. The fairs are, February 13th (for cattle and sheep), on the Friday preceding Good Friday (which is a very large fair for horned cattle), on the first Friday after May-day (a pleasure and statute fair) July 5th, (formerly a great wool fair), September 9th and November 13th, for horned cattle, sheep, and horses. The government, by charter granted in the 15th year of the reign of Elizabeth, and confirmed and extended by James I., is vested in a bailiff, a recorder, and fifteen capital burgesses, assisted by a town clerk, two serjeants at mace, and subordinate officers: the bailiff, late bailiff, and recorder, are justices of the peace. The bailiff is elected from among the capital burgesses, on the first Monday before Michaelmas-day, and sworn into office on the first Monday after it; the capital burgesses are chosen by a majority of the burgesses at large: the freedom is acquired only by birth. The corporation hold a court of session quarterly for the borough, on the next Wednesday after the general quarter sessions for the county, at which the bailiff, the late bailiff or justice, and the recorder, preside ; and a court of record is held every alternate Saturday, for the recovery of debts under £20, under the presidency of the bailiff and two capital burgesses. The town-hall is a plain brick edifice on pillars and arches, built by the subscriptions of the burgesses, in 1750, with a prison on the basement story for criminals, and above it one for debtors. The elective franchise was conferred in the 26th year of the reign of Elizabeth, since which time the borough has returned two members to parliament. The right of election is vested in the burgesses generally, about sixty in number, provided they have been resident within the borough twelve months prior to the election, in default of which they lose their title to vote: the bailiff is the returning officer.

The living is a Vicarage, in the archdeaconry of Salop, and diocese of Hereford, rated in the king's books at £9. 12. 10. Earl Powis was patron in 1819. The church, dedicated to St. John the Baptist, is a fine old structure, principally in the Norman style, with a square embattled tower, crowned with pinnacles : it was burnt in the parliamentary war, by Cromwell, and has been rebuilt without a due regard to the original style of its architecture. The free school was founded, in 1737, by Mrs. Mary Morris, in memory of her first husband, Mr. John Wright, of Wimbledon, Surrey, merchant, a native of Bishop's Castle, and endowed with £1,000, in the three per cents., for the instruction of twenty-five boys and twenty-five girls, in reading, writing, and arithmetic, and the latter in sewing and knitting. Some charitable benefactions are distributed by the vicar and church-wardens, in money and bread. Jeremy Stephens, author of various doctrinal works, and the learned coadjutor of Sir Henry Spelman in the compilation of the “English Councils," was a native of this place.

Source: A Topographical Dictionary of England by Samuel Lewis 1831

GREGORY SHROPSHIRE GAZETTEER 1824

Bishopscastle. A market town and ancient corporation which sends two members to parliament. The bishops of Hereford had anciently a castle in this town, from which circumstance it is probable the place derives its name. Part of the site of this castle, (which has long since been demolished) has been converted into a bowling green. The town is irregularly built, on a declivity near the course of the river Clun, and contains few objects of interest and curiosity. Bishopscastle is more noted for the nativity of Jeremiah Stephens, a man of great learning and industry. In consideration of the assistance he rendered to Sir Henry Spelman, in the compilation of the first volume of the English councils, he was presented to the prebend of Biggleswade. That erudite antiquary acknowledges his obligation in these terms. “Our loving friend Jeremiah Stephens, a man born for the publick good, by whose assistance this first tome comes out, and on whom the hope of the rest is founded.” Mr. Stephens published “An Apology for the ancient right and power of bishops to sit and rule in parliament.” “St. Gregory’s pastoral Notes on St. Cyprian of the unity of the church and the good of patience.” He left unpublished “A Comparison between the Belgick, Bohemian and Scotch Covenants;“ “Of the principals and practices of the Presbyterians;” and “A Treatise on the English laws.” He died at Wotton, in 1664.

Bishopscastle borough and out liberties, contain 364 houses, 1880 inhabitants. 20 miles south-west of Shrewsbury. A vicarage remaining in charge, in the diocese of Hereford, the deanery of Clun, and archdeaconry of Salop. Lat. 52. 0. north. Long. 3. 6. west.

Bishopscastle has fairs on the Thursday before February 13; the Friday before Good-Friday, Which is the largest mart for oxon of three or four years old, in the county; many are sold the day before the fair and the day after, as well as on the fair day: the Fridays after May 1, July 5, September 9, and November 13. The last two are great fairs for fat cattle and sheep, as well as for store oxon; Market on Friday.

Source: The Shropshire Gazetteer, with an Appendix, including a Survey of the County and Valuable Miscellaneous Information, with Plates. Printed and Published by T. Gregory, Wem, 1824

THE HISTORY AND TOPOGRAPHY OF SHROPSHIRE 1820

Q. What is Bishop’s Castle ?

A. Bishop’s Castle is a neat market town, so called from the Bishops of Hereford having anciently a castle here; it is situated on the river Clun, 20 miles from Shrewsbury, and 160 from London, has a population of 1367 persons, and a market on Friday.

Q. What farther may be observed of Bishop’s Castle?

A. Bishop’s Castle presents no interesting objects to the traveller’s notice. It is governed by a bailiff, recorder, and fifteen aldermen, and sends two members to parliament.

Source: The History and Topography of Shropshire; William Pinnock Jolibois; 1820.

ENGLAND’S GAZETTEER 1752

Bishop's-Castle, (Salop,) 117 cm. and 150 mm. from London, is a small T. on the r. Clun; but an old corp. which has its name, because it bel. heretofore to the Bps. of Hereford, in whose diocese it lies, 'till it was alienated from them by Q. Eliz. and granted to Sir Christopher Hatton, with the priviledge of choosing members of Pt. to which it made the first return in the 27th of her R. The corp. consists of a bailiff, recorder, and 15 ald. Its Mt. on F. is noted for cattle, and all sorts of commodities, and much frequented by the Welsh, as are its Fairs on F. before Good-Fr, June 24, Aug. 29, Nov. 2.

Source: England’s Gazetteer; Stephen Whatley; 1752.

Broughton

Gregory Shropshire Gazetteer 1824

Broughton. A township in the parish of Bishopscastle, and in the Bishopscastle division of the hundred of Purslow. 1 mile north-west of Bishopscastle.

Source: The Shropshire Gazetteer, with an Appendix, including a Survey of the County and Valuable Miscellaneous Information, with Plates. Printed and Published by T. Gregory, Wem, 1824

Colebatch

Gregory Shropshire Gazetteer 1824

Colebatch. A township in the hundred of Purslow.

Source: The Shropshire Gazetteer, with an Appendix, including a Survey of the County and Valuable Miscellaneous Information, with Plates. Printed and Published by T. Gregory, Wem, 1824

Lea

Shropshire Gazetteer 1824

Lea. A township in the hundred of Purslow.

Source: The Shropshire Gazetteer, with an Appendix, including a Survey of the County and Valuable Miscellaneous Information, with Plates. Printed and Published by T. Gregory, Wem, 1824

Oakley

THE IMPERIAL GAZETTEER OF ENGLAND & WALES 1870

Oakeley, a township, conjoint with Lee, in Bishops-Castle parish, Salop; 1 mile NNE of Bishops-Castle. Oakeley House is the seat of W. Oakeley, Esq.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].

SHROPSHIRE GAZETTEER 1824

Oakley. A township in the hundred of Purslow. The seat of the Hon. R. Clive. 1 mile south-east of Bishopscastle.

Source: The Shropshire Gazetteer, with an Appendix, including a Survey of the County and Valuable Miscellaneous Information, with Plates. Printed and Published by T. Gregory, Wem, 1824

Poll Books for Bishops Castle

Poll Book of the Election, July 1865 for the Southern Division of Shropshire.

Below are the names of those that voted in the election of July 1865 between Col. The Hon. P. E. Herbert, Sir Baldwin Leighton, Bart., and R. Jasper More, Esq.

Bishops Castle Parish

Bishop's Castle, Parish of

Poll Book 1865 Bishop's Castle Parish

1 Bailey Thomas

2 Botfield William Bishton Garnet, see 3432

3 Cotes John, see 4127

4 Chester Robert, see 3173

5 Davies William

6 Farmer William

7 Green John, see 53

8 Home Samuel, see 62

9 Howard Richard

10 Jones Henry

11 Lloyd John

12 Maddox Isaac

13 Morris Edward, dead

14 Norton Richard, see 85

15 Oakley George

16 Price Edward

17 Price John

18 Roberts John

19 Sayce John

20 Wooodhouse James

21 Wellings Richard, see 2713

Bishops Castle Borough

Bishop's Castle, Borough of

Poll Book 1865 Bishops Castle Borough image 1
Bishops Castle Borough image 1

Poll Book 1865 Bishops Castle Borough image 1

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Poll Book 1865 Bishops Castle Borough image 2
Poll Book 1865 Bishops Castle Borough image 2

Poll Book 1865 Bishops Castle Borough image 2.

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Poll Book 1865 Bishops Castle Borough image 3
Poll Book 1865 Bishops Castle Borough image 3

Poll Book 1865 Bishops Castle Borough image 3.

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Transcription

22 Beddoes William

23 Beddoes Thomas

24 Beddoes John

25 Bebb Evan

26 Bird John

27 Bird Benjamin

28 Bird Thomas

29 Brook Henry

30 Bowen Benjamin

31 Bowen George

32 Bowen Thomas

33 Bowen John

34 Bowen Evan

35 Bluck Thomas

36 Bright James

37 Bright Alfred

38 Bright Richard

39 Clive Robert Herbert

40 Clive George Herbert Windsor Windsor, see 2408

41 Collins William

42 Coles William

43 Davies Edward

44 Davies William

45 Davies James

46 Davies James

47 Downes Richard

48 Edwards Edward, see 1911

49 Farmer John

50 Griffiths Thomas Jones

51 Griffiths Thomas

52 Griffiths Edward, dead

53 Green John, see 7

54 Greenhouse Howard

55 Hammond Charles

56 Harris Charles

57 Harris William

58 Herbert The Hon. William Henry

59 Homes William

60 Home Edward

61 Home Samuel

62 Home Samuel, see No. 8

63 Home Anthony Welman, dead

64 Home John

65 Howard Richard

66 Howells George

67 Holl Richard

68 James Richard

69 Jenkins George Harley

70 Jones Henry Alfred

71 Knill Thomas

72 Lawrence John

73 Legge Edward

74 Lewis Thomas

75 Lockley Edward

76 Lockley Richard

77 Lockley Francis

78 Lloyd Edward

79 McMinn David

80 Mellings John

81 Meredith Richard

82 Minton Andrew

83 Norton Robert

84 Norton William

85 Norton Richard, see 14

86 Norton John

87 Newbury James

88 Nicholas Edward

89 Nicholas Daniel

90 Nicholas Richard

91 Palmer John

92 Phillips John

93 Pritchard James

94 Pugh William

95 Pugh William

96 Pugh Edward Nicholas

97 Richards John

98 Richards Edward

99 Rowland William Morgan

100 Sayce John

101 Sayce John, jun., dead

102 Sayce Samuel

103 Sayce James, dead

104 Sayce William

105 Thomas John, sen.

106 Thomas John, jun.

107 Williams Thomas

Directories

Bishops Castle Aubrey Shropshire Directory 1925

Market – Friday

Early Closing – Wednesday

Apartments

Moreton A. A., 13 Market sq

Bakers

Morray, Church st

Banks

Barclays Bank Ltd., High st

Midland Bank Ltd., High st

National Provincial Bank Ltd.

Blacksmiths

Robinson W, Church st

Boarding Houses

Tudor Geo., 15 High street, near station and main road to Shrewsbury. Terms mod. Highly recommended.

Bookmakers

Cooke G & Son, The Square

Lewis A, High st

Ross & Son, The Square

Builders & Contractors 

Beddoes E., 25 West street

Lewis John, Little Brampton

‘Bus Proprietors

Rose J., 8 station street

Butchers

Bowen R, Church st

Edwards W, High street

Francis R W, Church st; also game dealer. Buyer of eggs.

Lamb W E, The Square

Chemists

Gwilliam J E, High st

China Dealers

Gotobed E, Salop St.

Coal Merchants

Evans J, station Yard

Gough J, Station Yard

Confectioners

Bennett’s, High st

Leaver S, The Square

Moreton A A, 13 Market sq

Tudor G., 15 High street

Williams R., 21 High street. Agent for all high-class confections, aerated waters, mineral waters and tobaccos.

Cycle Agents

Greenhous & Son, Square

Pearce T M., Church st

Drapers

Scott A., Market square

Swire & Harrison, High street also milliners

Fancy Repositories

Moreton A A., 13 Market sq

Fruiterers

Lawley E L., 43 Church st

General Dealers

Leckley Mrs. M., High street

Taylor J. H., 2 Salop st; and fancy dealer

Grocers

Burd B. O., Church st

Bennett’s, High st

Evans J, Welsh street

Edwards H. & J., The Square

Jackson W, Welsh street

Richards A, Church st

Smith Gains & Co Ltd., The Square; also at Clun

Tudor G., 15 High street

Hairdressers

Heaven W, Church st

Hatters & Outfitters

Pugh W. A. & Son., The Square

Hotels

Bear’s Head, Church st

Castle., The square

Six Bells Inn, Church Street, Bishop's Castle, Shropshire. Inns

Black Lion, Welsh street

Bull, Bull st

King’s Head, Church st

Red Lion Inn, Church st

Six Bells, Church st

Three Tuns, Salop street

Ironmongers

Davis E, High st

Greenhous & Son, Square

Marine Store Dealers

Bennett Edward, 32 Church st

Milliners & Dressmkrs

Bason Madame, 5 Welsh st

Motor Car Proprietors

Pearce S., Rock House, Castle Green

Plumbers & Painters

Green L R. Bull street

Lewis J. Welsh street

Printers

Spracklen W T., The Square; also stationer

Saddlers

Edwards D & Son, High st

Lewis A, High st

Sanitary Engineers

F. R. Green, Heating, Lighting & Sanitary Engineer, Decorator etc., Bishop’s Castle. Modern methods and workmanship guaranteed.

Solicitors

Newill P. H., The Square

Pryce C. S., High street

Tailors & Clothiers

Davies R E., Union street

Pugh W. A. & Son., 34 & 40 High street

Tinsmiths

Allum W, Church st

Tobacconists

Evans J, Welsh st

Heaven W, Church st

Moreton A A., 13 Market sq

Taylor J H., 2 Salop street

Tudor G., 15 High street

Undertakers

Lewis John, Little Brampton

Watchmakers & Jewellers 

Kitchen & Son, High street

Martin W, High st

Wine & Spirit Mrchants 

Clark M J, Wine Vaults, High street

Source: Herefordshire, Shropshire & Monmouthshire Directory 1925. Printers & Publishers, Aubrey & Co., Leamore, Walsall.

Bishops Castle Cassey Shropshire Directory 1871

Bishop’s Castle is a municipal borough, market town, polling place for the Southern division of the county, and parish containing the boroughs of Bishop’s Castle and the out liberties and townships of Colebatch, Woodbatch, Broughton, Lea, and Oakeley, 12 miles west from Craven Arms railway station, 161 west from London, 20 south from Shrewsbury, 20 north-west from Ludlow, and 15 east from Welshpool, in Clun and Purslow hundred, Clun union, and diocese of Hereford, situated on the road between Ludlow and Welshpool.  The government of the town is vested in fifteen aldermen or capital burgesses, two of whom are annually appointed bailiff and recorder respectively, the jurisdiction is co-extensive with the borough, and they are annually elected at Michaelmas. Petty and quarter sessions are held, the former once a fortnight, and a county court once a month, for the recovery of debts under £50.  In the 20th, Edward I., the bishop of Hereford claimed for his tenants of Bishop’s Castle an exemption for attending the County or hundred Court, and the privilege of keeping a market every Friday, and a fair on the eve and feast of Decollation of St. John the Baptist, and the day following.  The church of St. John the Baptist was once a Decorated or Early English structure; but it was burnt over the heads of a body of the inhabitants while holding it as a place of defence in the Parliamentary wars.  The living is a vicarage, annual value £466 15s. 0d. with residence and 10 acres of glebe, in the gift of the Earl of Powis.  There is a small endowed school with an income of £48, and a commodions [sic] National school. The Primitive Methodists have a school for boys and girls here.  The Independents, Primitive Methodists, and Wesleyans have each a chapel in the town.  There is a town hall, market house, and a police station. In 1852 a workhouse for the Clun union of nineteen parishes was erected here.  A market is held every Friday.  There are several stock fairs held on the second Friday in every month, with the exception of May Fair, for the hiring of servants, which is held on the first Friday after May Day.  The Earl of Powis is lord of the manor, and holds a court leet once a year.  The principal landowners are the Rev. William Garnett Botfield, the representatives of the Rev. Arthur Oakeley, and the Earl of Powis.  The soil is light loam; subsoil, clayey.  The population in 1861 was 2,083, the area is 5,630 acres. The gross estimated rental of the borough is £6,055, and of the township £4,410; rateable value, £5,356.

Broughton is supposed to have been a Roman town.

Post Office. – Edward Probert, postmaster. Letters arrive at 6-10 a.m.; dispatched at 7 p.m. Money orders granted & paid from 9 a.m. until 6 p.m.

Town Clerk, Thomas Griffiths, Esq.

Public Establishments:-

Clun Union House, George Scales, master; Mrs. Mary Scales, matron.

County Court Office, Uvedale Corbett-Winder, Esq., judge; George Grazebrooke, Esq., treasurer; Thomas Griffiths, Esq., high bailiff; Frederick Pardoe, Esq., registrar.

Inland Revenue Office, Castle hotel, William Lavender, supervisor; Henry Hemstock, officer.

Police Station, George Hayward, sergeant.

Stamp Office, Mrs. Elizabeth Newill, sub-distributor.

Public Officers:-

Clerk to the County Court, to Guardians of the Clun Union, to Commissioner of the Income Tax, & Treasurer of Bishop’s Castle Turnpike Trust, Frederick Pardoe, Esq.

High Bailiff to County Court, Town Clerk, & Clerk to Turnpike Trustees, Thomas Griffiths, Esq.

Bailiff to County Court, Edward Bright.

Superintendent Registrar, Frederick Pardoe, Esq.

Registrar of Births & Deaths for Bishop’s Castle District, John Bowen.

Road Surveyor, William Ferguson.

Bishop’s Castle Railway, Elisha Edwin Owen, superintendent.

Allen Rev. P. S., Prospect house

Bright Mrs. Castle villa

Davies Miss Elizabeth

Griffithes Thomas Jones, esq

Herschel Mrs. Margaret

Jenkins Mr. John Harley

Newill Mr. Henry Starr

Rowland Rev. Wm. Morgan, M.A.

Acton Richard, baker

Bailey Edwin, grocer & draper

Bailey Frederick, Black Lion

Bailey Sarah, shopkeeper

Baker Jane, baker & confectioner

Beddoes John, farmer, Green fields

Beddoes Richard, farmer, Moat hill

Benbow William, farmer, Wood house

Bills Martha, chemist, &c.

Bird Benjamin, carpenter

Bird John, blacksmith

Bluck Mary, White Horse

Bore Alfred, hosier & draper

Bowen Benjamin, plumber, &c.

Bowen John, farmer, Bank’s head

Bowen John, shopkeeper

Bowen Richard, farmer, Colebatch

Breese George, baker

Bright Edward, chair maker

Bright Edward, tailor

Bright William, carpenter

Brook Henry, surgeon

Chelmick William, butcher

Chester Thomas, printer & stationer

Cooke George, shoe maker

Cross Richard, beer retailer

Davies Edward, chemist & druggist

Davies James, beer retailer

Davies John, shoe maker

Davies John, farmer, Green bank

Davies Martha, wheelwright

Davies William, shoe maker

Davies William, farmer

Dodd & Sankey, dress makers

Dolby Charles, Three Tuns

Downes Richard, beer retailer

Downs Charles, general grocer

Edwards David, saddler, &c.

Edwards John, butcher

Evans Thomas, machine maker

Farmer Thomas, farmer, Colebatch

Farmer William, farmer, Colebatch

Ferguson William, road surveyor

Freshney William, clog maker

Gough Benjamin, Boar’s Head

Gough Thomas, builder

Green John, farmer, Woodbatch

Greenhouse Howard, Harp Inn

Greenhouse Howard, jun., ironmonger

Griffin William, beer retailer

Griffithes Thomas Jones, land agent

Griffiths The Misses, ladies seminary

Griffiths Edward, nursery & seedsman, Colebatch

Griffiths Lewis, stationer & accountant

Griffiths Thomas, solicitor & town clerk

Griffiths William, shopkeeper

Hamar William, castrator

Hammonds Peter, nurseryman

Harris John, grocer & draper

Harris William, farmer, & wine & spirit merchant

Hemstock Henry, excise officer

Holl Emma, fancy repository

Holl George, brazier & tin plate worker

Home George, stone mason

Home John, carpenter

Home Hannah, shopkeeper

Home Herbert, Red Lion

Home Samuel, butcher

Home William, stone mason

Howard John, cattle dealer

Howard Richard, farmer, Colebatch

Howard Thomas, farmer, The Lea

Hughes Michael, general dealer

James Edward, farmer, The Field

James John, tailor

James Richard, Six Bells Inn

Jones John, carpenter

Jones Thomas, shopkeeper

Kibbert Richd. farmer, Up. Broughton

Lane John William, M.D. surgeon

Lavender William, supervisor of inland revenue

Leech John, carpenter, Colebatch

Legge Edward, draper

Lewis James, shopkeeper

Lewis Richard, blacksmith

Lewis Richard, saddler, &c.

Lloyd Edward, confectioner

Lloyd Thomas, boot & shoe maker

Lucas Wm. painter, plumber & glazier

McMinn David, tea dealer

McNiece John, watch maker

Maddox Isaac, farmer, Owlbury

Matthews Richard, watch maker

Minton Andrew, shoe maker

Minton John, shoe maker

Morris John, farmer, Woodbatch

Newbery James, Castle Hotel

Newill Elizabeth seed dealer

Newill Henry Starr, solicitor (Pardoe & Newill)

Nicholas John, painter & glazier

Norton John, butcher

Norton Mary, tanner

Norton Richard, farmer, Woodbatch

Norton Richard, wine & spirit merchant & ironmonger

Owen Elisha Edwin, draper, &c.

Palmer Francis, tailor

Pardoe & Newill, solicitors

Pardoe Frederick, solicitor

Phillips William, farmer, Lower Oakley farm

Playfair Margaret, shopkeeper

Pritchard James, carpenter

Probert Edward, grocer

Pugh Edward Nicholas, beer retailer

Pugh Maurice, plumber &c.

Pugh Richard, tailor

Pugh Thomas, King’s Head, & carpentr

Pugh William, tailor

Richards John, tailor

Richards Mary, straw bonnet maker

Richards Susan, baker

Richards Thomas, carpenter

Richards William, chair maker

Roberts John, farmer, Lower Broughton

Robinson William, Bull

Robinson William, shoe maker

Robinson William, jun., blacksmith

Sayce James, Cross Keys

Sayce John, shoe maker

Sayce Richard, stone mason

Sayce William, carpenter

Smith John, butcher

Speak Thomas, farmer, The Lea

Thomas Richard, tailor

Vickers John, cooper

Walker Thomas, shopkeeper

Williams Richard, hair dresser

Williams Thomas, baker

Source: Edward Cassey & Co.’s, History, Gazetteer, and Directory of Shropshire 1871

Bishops Castle 1791

Bishops Castle lies 40 miles fromWorcester, 8 from Montgomery, and 153 from London; is a small town on the river Clun, but an old corporation; it has the privilege of choosing members of parliament, to which it made the first return in the 27th of Elizabeth. The corporation consists of a bailiff, recorder, and 15 aldermen. Its market on Friday is noted for cattle, and all sorts of commodities, and much frequented by the Welsh, as are its fairs. Its castle, formerly the residence of its bishops, from whence it was named, is totally destroyed, but the town is a flourishing place, with many good houses, and the streets are kept exceedingly clean. The town-house is a neat structure. Not far from Bishop’s Castle, just at the entrance into Montgomeryshire, is a noted place called Bishopsmott, where is an acre of ground, surrounded with an intrenchment. Fairs are the Friday before 13th February; Friday before Good Friday; the first Friday after May-day; 5th July; 9th September; and 13th November; the days preceding the three last are for sheep and pigs.

Post-office – The London mail through Oxford, Worcester, and Ludlow, comes in about 9 o’clock every Monday, Thursday, and Saturday. Mornings; goes out in the summer season on Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday, evenings, at 5 o’clock; in the winter one hour sooner. This mail is carried on horseback from Ludlow. The mail from Shrewsbury, (on horseback,) through Welch Pool and Montgomery, comes in every Monday, Thursday, and Saturday, morning, about 8 o’clock; returns Monday evening at 4 o’clock; and on Thursday and Saturday at 12 o’clock noon. By this mail the kingdom in general have a most expeditious communication with all North Wales.

Stage wagons – Taylor’s Ludlow wagon from the George, Smithfield, and Green Man and Still, Oxford-street, every Sunday evening, comes in here every Saturday; returns the same evening; Barn’s Bewdley wagon comes in and returns the same time: both to Robert Davies’s, the Unicorn inn. Price’s Newtown cart meets the above wagons every Saturday; and returns the same day.

The principal inns are, the Owl, the Castle, and the Three Tuns. The distance of Bishop’s Castle from Ludlow is 17 miles; Shrewsbury 20; Welch Pool 17; Newtown 16; Knighton 12; Montgomery 8 ½ ; and Church Stretton 12 miles.

The principal seats and villages in the vicinity of Bishop’s Castle are, Walcot, the seat of the right hon. Lord Clive, about 3 miles distant, near to the Ludlow road, and nigh to which on the right, is an old encampment called the Bury Ditches, which commands a most extensive prospect. Fir Grove, the seat of John Oakeley, Esq. one mile, near to the Shrewsbury road, a situation which commands a most delightful prospect. Linley, about 2 miles to the left, the seat of Robert More, Esq. On the road to Montgomery, at 4 miles distance on the left, is Mellington, the seat of Major Browne. And 1 mile from Montgomery on the right, is Lymore, at 6 miles distance, is Clun, where an ancient castle stood, but now only the remains; also, at this place, is an hospital for 14 poor men and a warden; it was founded by Robert Howard Earl of Northampton; the charity consists at present of 5s per week to each man, besides firing, clothing, and each a decent apartment; also, a handsome salary to the warden.

Gentleman

Home John, Esq. Bailiff

Jones Thomas, (F.), Esq

Rogers T. Esq. Justice of the Peace

Wollaston Thomas, Esq. (F.)

Clergy

Froud Rev. Isaac, Vicar

Wingfield Rev. John, Curate

Physic

Drew Samuel, Surgeon

Davies William, Surgeon

Wollaston John, (F.) Surgeon

Law

Matthews James (F.) Attorney

Sayer Richard, Esq. Recorder

Toldewy J. B. (F.) Attorney

Traders. &c.

Adams Edward, Maltster

Bowyer Francis, (F.) Maltster

Bright Edward, (F.) Butcher

Bright Edward, (F.) Grocer & Chandler

Beddals George, Tanner

Bright Samuel, Victualler, Harp Inn

Bowen John, Butcher

Bird John, (F.) Shoe-maker

Bluck John, Butcher

Bore John, Glazier

Barret George, Blacksmith and Farrier

Corick William, Innholder

Davies Thomas, Victualler, Boar’s –head

Davies Richard, Joiner & Haberdasher

Davies Robert, Victualler (Unicorn)

Downes William, Mercer

Downes Mary and Bridget, Milliners

Drew Clare, (F.) Victualler, (Owl)

Davies John, Gardener

Embry Thomas, Butcher

Embry Joseph, Butcher

Edwards Edw. Clock & Watch-maker

Farmer John, (F.) Parish Clerk

Griffiths John, Bookseller, Stationer & Printer

Griffiths John, (F.) Butcher & Victualler, (Three Tuns Inn)

Gwynne William, (F.) Glover

Gough Thomas, Baker

Green Thomas, Currier

Gwilliam Jane, Victualler, Nag’s –head

Gough Roger, Cooper

Home John, (F.) Mercer and Grocer

Home John, Maltster

Home Thomas, Victualler (Bull Inn)

Home Samuel, Victualler (Red Lion)

Home Thomas, Peruke-maker

Hay John, (F.) Peruke-maker, Haberdasher, and Dealer in Hats

Hay Thomas, Clock and Watch-maker

Jones Wm. Victualler (Butcher’s Arms)

James Richard, Butcher

James Stephen, shoe-maker

Medlicott John, (F.) Maltster

Medlicott T. Currier

Mason Thomas, (F.) Sadler

Meyrick Charles, Stay-maker

Nicholls John, Glover

Nicholas Nathaniel, Mason

Nicholas William, Joiner

Norton Thomas, Taylor

Norton Samuel, Glazier

Norton William, Sadler

Norton Robert, Chandler

Norton Charles, (F.) Shoe-maker

Owens Humphrey, (F.) Cooper

Pugh Maurice, Gardener

Pugh John, (F.) Blacksmith

Pugh John, Joiner

Pugh Humphrey, Taylor

Sayce Richard, (F.) Ironmonger

Sayce John, Land Surveyor

Sayce William, Victualler (Black –lion)

Thomas William, (F.) Town Clerk

Williams Richard, (F.) Glazier

Walters Frances, Victualler, Castle Inn

Walters Thomas, Post-master

Walters Thomas, Painter

Walters Richard, (F.) Butcher

Walters Samuel, (F.) Painter

Wodall William, Heel-maker

Wild Mary, (F.) Victualler (Talbot Inn)

Wild William, Schoolmaster

Source – Universal British Directory 1791

Administration

  • County: Shropshire
  • Civil Registration District: Clun
  • Probate Court: Court of the Bishop of Hereford (Episcopal Consistory)
  • Diocese: Hereford
  • Rural Deanery: Clun
  • Poor Law Union: Clun
  • Hundred: Purslow
  • Province: Canterbury