Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales 1850
Brampton-Bryan, 5¾ mile N.E. Presteign. P. 419
Source: Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales; Second Edition; C. W. Leonard, London; 1850.
In Brampton Brian Church is entombed the famous Lord High Treasurer, Robert Harley, first Earl of Oxford, founder of the Harleian Library in the British Museum, who died in 1724, and of whom Pope wrote:
A soul supreme in each hard instance tried,
Above all pain, all anger, and all pride,
The rage of power, the blast of public breath,
The lust of lucre, and the dread of death
Source: The Family Topographer; Samuel Tymms; 1834.
Brampton-Brian is a parish, ten miles west from Ludlow, (its post town), 6 east from Knighton (its poor law union), 14 from Leominster (its polling town), 4 from Wigmore (where petty sessions are held), and 24 north-west from Hereford (the county town), in Wigmore Hundred, Knighton Union, Salop archdeaconry, and Hereford diocese; it is situated on the turnpike road from Ludlow to Knighton, and on the river Teme. The church of St. Barnabas is a plain fabric, re-built after the destruction of Brampton Brian Castle and town, in the time of the civil wars. There are several ancient monuments to the Harley family. The living is a rectory, worth £350 yearly with residence and 16 acres of glebe land, in the gift of the Earl of Oxford; the Rev. David Rodney Murray, M.A., is the rector. There is a national school for boys and girls, with a small endowment and a residence for the master and mistress. The ruins of Brampton Brian Castle are situated close to the church, and immediately across the river is a Roman camp on the top of Coxall Knoll, where Caractacus is supposed by some to have made his last stand. This was an ancient lordship of the family of Brian de Brampton, who resided here in the reign of Henry I. His family become extinct in the reign of Edward I, when Margaret, a co-heiress, conveyed the estate in marriage to Robert de Harley. The castle, which had been erected at an early period, become the chief seat of the Harleys, until the time of the civil wards in the reign of Charles I, when that family embarking in the republican cause, it was twice besieged by the royal forces. The Hall is a handsome brick mansion with stone facings, the residence and seat of the Countess of Oxford and Mortimer. A fair is held yearly for sheep on the 21st June, and for horses and cattle on the 22nd June. The population, in 1851, was 426, and the acreage is about 2,500. Lady Langdale, of Eywood, near Kington, is lady of the manor; and Lady Langdale, and the Countess of Oxford and Mortimer, are chief landowners. The soil is a rich loam, the subsoil gravel.
Upper and Lower Penwardine and Boresford are townships in the parish of Brampton Brian.
Stanage Lordship, which is situate in Radnorshire, but in Brampton Brian parish, belongs to Mrs. H. Rogers, and is distant 2 miles from the parish church.
Letters arrive from Ludlow at half-past 8 a.m., and are despatched at 6 p.m. The nearest money order office is at Knighton.
National School, Mr. Dunkerton, master; Miss Dunkerton, mistress
Cooke John E., farmer
Edwards John, Esq., J.P.
Edwards James, shoemaker and shopkeeper
Edwards Thomas, farmer
Francis Benjamin, wheelwright
Hughes Timothy, farmer
Ireland Mary, Oxford Arms Inn
Murray Rev. D. R., M.A., & J.P., Rectory
Oxford and Mortimer Countess of, the Hall
Parr Richard, farmer, Upper Penwardine
Parr William, farmer, Lower Penwardine
Source: Edward Cassey & Co.: History, Topography, and Directory of Herefordshire. Printed by William Bailey, 107, Fishergate 1858.