Stow-On-The-Wold, Gloucestershire Family History Guide

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Stow-on-the-Wold is an Ancient Parish and a market town in the county of Gloucestershire.

Other places in the parish include: Manersbury, Maugersbury, Mangersbury, and Donnington.

Parish church: St. Edward

Parish registers begin: 1558

Nonconformists include: Baptist, Particular Baptist, Society of Friends/Quaker, and Wesleyan Methodist.

Parishes adjacent to Stow-on-the-Wold

  • Lower Swell
  • Upper Swell
  • Wyck Rissington
  • Evenlode
  • Icomb
  • Longborough
  • Lower Slaughter
  • Upper Slaughter
  • Condicote
  • Broadwell
  • Oddington

Historical Descriptions of Stow-on-the-Wold

Stow-on-the-Wold

THE IMPERIAL GAZETTEER OF ENGLAND & WALES 1870

STOW-ON-THE-WOLD, a small town, a parish, a sub-district, and a district, in Gloucester. The town stands on the Fosse way, on the summit of a hill, 1 mile N of the Bourton-on-the-Water railway, and 4¼ SSW of Moreton-in-the-Marsh; is irregularly built; commands extensive views; is a seat of petty sessions and county-courts, and a polling place; and has a post-office under Moreton-in-the-Marsh, a r. station with telegraph, a banking office, a hotel, a police-office, a public reading room, an ancient church, three dissenting chapels, a grammar-school and alms houses with £39 a year from endowment, other charities £137, a workhouse, a weekly market on Thursday, and fairs on 12 May and 24 Oct. The parish includes the hamlets of Donnington and Mangersbury, and comprises 3,130 acres. Real property, £8,612. Pop. in 1851, 2,250; in 1861, 2,077. Houses, . 463. The manor belonged formerly to Evesham abbey; and, with Mangersbury House, belongs now to J. Chamberlayne, Esq. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Gloucester and Bristol. Value, £525. Patron, the Rev. R. W. Hippisley.—The sub-district contains 11 parishes. Acres, 18,094. Pop., 5,063.—The district includes Bourton-on-the-Water sub-district, and comprises 41,131 acres. Poor rates in 1863, £5,286. Pop. in 1851, 9,932; in 1861, 9,687. Houses, 2,181. Marriages in 1863,59; births, 316, of which 21 were illegitimate; deaths, 230, of which 88 were at ages under 5 years, and 6 at ages above 85. Marriages in the ten years 1851-60, 643; births, 2,892; deaths, 1,813. The places of worship, in 1851, were 23 of the Church of England, with 5,256 sittings; 2 of Independents, with 195 s.; 8 of Baptists, with 1,395 s.; 1 of Quakers, the s. not reported; and 7 of Wesleyans, with 572 s. The schools were 19 public day-schools, with 973 scholars; 13 private day-schools, with 212 s.; and 27 Sunday-schools, with 1,193 s.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].

LEONARD’S GAZETTEER OF ENGLAND AND WALES 1850

Stow-on-the-Wold, 83 miles S.W. London. Mrkt. Thurs. P. 2140

Source: Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales; Second Edition; C. W. Leonard, London; 1850

A TOPOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND 1833

Stow-On-The-Wold, or Stow St. Edward, co. Gloucester.

London 86 m. WNW. Pop. 1731. M. D. Thurs. Fairs, March 29 and May 12, for horses, cows, sheep, and cheese; July 24, for ditto; Oct. 24, for hops, ironmonger’s wares, &c.

A small market-town and parish in the upper division of the hundred of Slaughter, situated on the summit of a high hill, in a very bleak part of the country. The streets are irregularly built and indifferently paved. The manufacture of shoes formerly constituted the principal employment of the inhabitants, but it has declined, and there is now a small branch of the clothing trade carried on. The town, which was formerly a corporation, is governed by two bailiffs, and the petty sessions and court-leet for Stow or Kiftsgate district are holden here. The living is a rectory in the archdeaconry and diocese of Gloucester; valued in K. B. 18l.; patron (1829) the Rev. H. Hippesley. The church, which is ded. to St. Edward, appears to have been built at different periods, and consists of a nave, chancel, and aisles, with an embattled tower on the south side eighty-one feet high, the interior contains several ancient monuments. Here are almshouses for nine poor persons, a free-school, and an hospital. The foss-way passes this town. During the civil war a battle took place here between the Royalist and Parliamentary forces, which ended in the defeat of the former.

Source: A Topographical Dictionary of Great Britain and Ireland by John Gorton. The Irish and Welsh articles by G. N. Wright; Vol. III; London; Chapman and Hall, 186, Strand; 1833.

Donnington

THE PARLIAMENTARY GAZETTEER OF ENGLAND AND WALES 1851

Donnington, a hamlet in the parish of Stow-on-the-Wold, county of Gloucester; 1½ mile north of Stow-on-the-Wold. At this place the royalists were defeated by Colonel Morgan in 1645. Acres 760. Houses 47. A. P. £1,501. Pop., in 1801, 162; in 1831, 200. Poor rates, in 1837, £66.

Source: The Parliamentary Gazetteer of England and Wales; A Fullarton & Co. Glasgow; 1851.

Maugersbury

Topographical Dictionary of Great Britain and Ireland 1833

Mangersbury, or Maugersbury, co. Gloucester.

P. T. Stow-on-the-Wold (86) 1 m. SSE. Pop. 226.

A hamlet in the parish of Stow-on-the-Wold and upper division of the hundred of Slaughter.

Source: A Topographical Dictionary of Great Britain and Ireland by John Gorton. The Irish and Welsh articles by G. N. Wright; Vol. II; London; Chapman and Hall, 186, Strand; 1833.

Marriages

Marriages Out of Parish

Surname Forename Parish Married in Date
Hambidge John Westcote 10 Feb. 1807

Directories

Stow-On-The-Wold Universal British Directory 1791

Is an ill built town, of very little trade, situate in the high Cotswold country.  The Roman foss-way passes through this town to Northleach, as does the present turnpike-road from Coventry and Warwick to Bristol and the west of England.  It is distant from Gloucester twenty-six miles, Campden ten, Burford nine, Northleach nine, and from London seventy-seven.  This place is generally called, in old records, Stow St. Edward, and had a grant from Henry VI for a corporation.  Its church is large, has a tower, and stands on a hill.  Here are an hospital, alms-house, and free-school, all well endowed, besides other charities, the poor here being very numerous.  This place stands so high, and is so exposed to the winds, that it is a common observation, that they have but one element, viz. air, there being neither wood, common, field, nor water, belonging to the town.  The parish, which is governed by two bailiffs, is twelve miles in compass, and has some good inns, viz. the Unicorn, White Hart, and King’s Arms.

The market is on Thursday; and the fairs, which are May 12 and October 24, have been famous for hops, cheese, and sheep, of which it is said twenty thousand have been sold in one of its October fairs; but the inhabitants are not suffered to set stalls before their own doors.  The tolls of the market and fairs are computed at eighty pounds a year.

A cross-post, under the Burford office, in and out daily. – Byrch’s Cheltenham and London wagon passes through weekly. – The following are the principal inhabitants:

Gentry, &c.

Bricknell William, Gent. (F.)

Chamberlayne Edm. John, Esq. (F.)

Kendall John, Gent. (F.)

Napper William, Esq. Slaughter

Pittman Philip, Gent. (F.)

Rice – , Esq. Bourton-on-the-Water

Scott John, Esq. Longborough

Clergy.

Browne Rev. Mr.  Swell

Chandler Rev. Mr.

Hippesley Rev. John, (F.) Rector

Leigh Rev. Mr.  Addlestrip

Pagett Rev. Simon, (F.)

Travell Rev. Mr. Slaughter

Vernon Rev. Mr. Bourton-on-the-Water

Physic.

Hayward John, (F.) Surgeon and Apothecary

Moss Richard, Ditto

Law.

Knight Joseph, (F.) Attorney

Traders.

Alcock Joseph, Mercer

Archer Christopher, Plasterer

Archer Richard, Clockmaker

Betteridge John, Shopkeeper

Betteridge Robert, Wheelwright

Bird George, Brazier

Blizzard Richard, Peruke-maker

Charles William, (F.) Mercer

Charles Richard, Grocer

Clifford John, (F.) Unicorn Inn

Clifford William, Baker

Clifford Richard, Mason

Collett William, (F.) Sadler

Collett Henry, Currier

Cornhill Charles, Baker

Dibble Thomas, (F.) Maltster

Ellis Daniel, Butcher

Farmer Richard, (F.) Mercer

Farmer Richard, Breeches-maker

Forty Joseph, Collar-maker

Fox John, Smith

Gardiner John, Joiner

Gladwin Robert, Smith

Hookham Thomas, (F.) Plasterer

Hookham Charles, Plasterer

Horseman James, Flax-dresser

Jeffereys James, Sieve-maker

Johnson John, Baker

Jones Grace, Shopkeeper

Maesey William, (F.) Victualler

Mason William, Baker

Matthews John, shopkeeper

Meadows Margaret, Shopkeeper

Minchin John, (F.) Distiller

Paine Alexander, (F.) Shopkeeper

Paine George, Schoolmaster

Paine Thomas, Shopkeeper

Paine William, Cooper

Palmer William, King’s Arms Inn

Pittman Richard, (F.) White Hart Inn

Pittman Joseph, Glazier

Pruce Mary, Maltster

Reeves Thomas, Baker

Robbins William, Victualler

Smith Robert, Glazier

Stratford James, Shoemaker

Webb Edward, Land-surveyor

Williams Charles, Shopkeeper

Source: Universal British Directory 1791

Administration

  • County: Gloucestershire
  • Civil Registration District: Stow on the Wold
  • Probate Court: Court of the Bishop of Gloucester (Episcopal Consistory)
  • Diocese: Pre 1836 - Gloucester, Post 1835 - Gloucester and Bristol
  • Rural Deanery: Stow
  • Poor Law Union: Stow on the Wold
  • Hundred: Slaughter
  • Province: Canterbury