Lydney

Lydney, Gloucestershire Family History

Lydney is an Ancient Parish in the county of Gloucestershire. St Briavels, Hewelsfield, and Aylburton are chapelries of Lydney.

Alternative names: Lidney, Lydney with Aylburton

Other places in the parish include: Alaxton, Allaston, Purton, Newarne, Newerne, and Nass.

Parish church:

Parish registers begin: 1678

Nonconformists include: Roman Catholic and Wesleyan Methodist.

Parishes adjacent to Lydney

  • Aylburton
  • Awre
  • Dean Forest St Paul
  • Bream
  • Newland

Historical Descriptions

Lydney

A Topographical Dictionary of Great Britain and Ireland 1833

Lidney, or Lydney, co. Gloucester.

London 127 m. W b N. Pop. 1393. M. D. Wed. Fairs, May 4 and Nov. 8, for horned cattle.

A parish and formerly a market-town, in the hundred of Blideslow, within the district called the Forest of Dean; living, a vicarage in the archdeaconry of Hereford and diocese of Gloucester; valued in K. B. 24l. 6s. 8d., and in the patronage of the Dean and Chapter of Hereford. The church, ded. to St. Mary, is a large edifice, with a spire at the west end, and a small chancel on the north side of the principal one. This place appears to have been the Roman Statio Trajectus, on the western bank of the Severn, mentioned by Richard of Cirencester; for here are traces of a large intrenchment, with the foundations of ancient buildings, among which are the ruins of a supposed Roman bath or hypocaust; and many coins have been discovered of the emperors Galba, Hadrian, and Antoninus. In the middle ages Lidney was a place of some importance; but the market formerly held here has long since been discontinued, and the town had sunk into insignificance, from which there is a prospect of its recovering in consequence of the recent construction of the Severn and Wye Railway and Canal; the former, which was originally called the Lidney and Lidbrook Railway, terminating at Lidney, and the canal, extending from that place to the Severn, with which it communicates by locks and a basin, furnishing ample facility for the conveyance of timber, coal, stone, and iron ore, the products of the Forest of Dean, and, giving rise to a considerable commerce in those and other articles. Lidney Park, the seat of the Rt. Hon. Charles Bragge Bathurst, was the site of a mansion called Whitecross, erected by Sir William Wyntour, or Winter, vice-admiral of England, in the reign of Elizabeth, and one of the officers who shared in the defeat of the Spanish armada. His descendant, Sir John Winter, in the civil war under Charles I., fortified his house as a garrison for the king’s service, and after having gallantly defended it against hostile attacks, and kept the neighbouring posts of the Parliamentarians in constant alarm, by his incursions and assaults, at length, on the decline of the royal cause, he removed every thing valuable from his little fortress, and burnt it to the ground.

Source: A Topographical Dictionary of Great Britain and Ireland by John Gorton. The Irish and Welsh articles by G. N. Wright; Vol. II; London; Chapman and Hall, 186, Strand; 1833.

Nass

Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales Circa 1870

Nass, a tything in Lidney parish, Gloucester; 4 ¼ miles NW of Berkeley.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].

Directories

Lidney (Lydney) Universal British Directory 1791

Administration

  • County: Gloucestershire
  • Civil Registration District: Chepstow
  • Probate Court: Post-1541 - Court of the Bishop of Gloucester (Episcopal Consistory), Pre-1541 - Court of the Bishop of Hereford
  • Diocese: Post 1835 - Gloucester and Bristol, Pre 1836 - Gloucester
  • Rural Deanery: Forest
  • Poor Law Union: Chepstow
  • Hundred: Bledisloe
  • Province: Canterbury