Bromsgrove Universal British Directory 1791

[Bromsgrove] is situated near the rise of the river Salwarp, 12 miles from Worcester, and 114 form London. It is the center of the roads to Coventry, Worcester and Shrewsbury. This town is governed by a bailiff, recorder, and aldermen; In the reign of King Edward I it sent two members to parliament, and has had many privileges conferred on it by the different sovereigns of England. King Edward VI founded a grammar-school here, and Sir Thomas Cooks added to the endowment. The church is ancient, but handsome; the tower and spire of which is said to be the completest in the county, 189 feet high; the church stands on a hill, which you ascend by 50 steps, and has some painted glass, and good monuments. Here is a market on Tuesday, and two fairs annually, viz. on June 24 and October 1. A cotton manufactory, established about 10 years ago, is now converted into a worsted manufactory, by Messrs. Adams & Co. Broad and narrow cloths were formerly manufactured here, but that trade has long since passed into Gloucestershire. This parish is also famed for its manufacture of linen-cloths, fish-hooks, needles, nails, and linseys; and has coal and lime. The brooks hereabouts are remarked for fine trout, eels and lamperets. Here is also a brook which runs close to the town, and may be turned through it in a few minutes, in case of fire, or in cleaning the streets. This parish contains twelve manors, viz. Bromsgrove, Burcott, Chadwick, Bunnill, Gannow, Dodford, Woodcot, Dyers, Grafton, Whittford, the manor of the mill, and the manor of the rectory. The lord of the manor holds a court-baron every three weeks, for the recovery of debts under 40s in the town-hall. The air is very salubrious, and the soil very fertile.

On the Lickey, in the parish of Bromsgrove, rises the river Arrow, which empties itself into the Avon, near Stratford; as does the Salwarpe, which falls into the Severn at Hawford, near Worcester; and another which falls into the Trent. The Lickey is generally esteemed some of the highest land in the kingdom. It contains about 2000 acres of waste land, and the sheep thereon are remarkable for fine wool.

The mail-coach from Birmingham to Bristol passes through this town every night and morning, bringing all post-letters; a coach from Birmingham to Bath three times a week; a coach from Birmingham to Bristol every day, (Sunday excepted) and one from Birmingham to Worcester.

Bufford’s Stoubridge Waggon passes through Bromsgrove to London three times a week; also a caravan from Wolverhampton to Worcester comes through every Tuesday and Wednesday; and is a great convenience to that cross country.

At Barnet-green in this parish is a fine chalybeate water, little used, unless by people in the neighbourhood; and near Hollwood is a most surprizing petrifying water.

The principal inhabitants of Bromsgrove in 1791 were:

Gentry, &c

Allen Thomas, Esq. (F.)

Ainsworth Thomas, Esq. (F.)

Brettell Thomas, Esq. (F.)

Blackmore Miss

Burlton Bolton John, Esq. (F.)

Baylis Mrs. widow

Burden Mrs.

Butterworth James, Esq. (F.)

Craigg John, Esq

Chance William, Esq. (F.)

Carenter John, Esq. (F.) Woodrow

Cresswell Dan. Esq. Bomerly-Hall

Cromwell Mrs. widow

Cromwell John, Esq. (F.)

Dugard Benj. Esq. Grimley

Dorrell Mrs.

Dorrell John Chambers, Esq

Hinde Charles, Esq. Park-hall

Harvey Mrs. widow

Haden Samuel, Esq. (F.)

Male Benjamin, Esq. Lydiat

Morris Mrs. widow

Piercey Mrs.

Read John, Esq. (F.) Valley

Reeve John, Esq.

Rose Mrs. widow

Shenstone Richard, Esq. (F.)

Steadman Joseph, Esq

Talbott Hon. John, (F.) Grafton

Tevamley Mrs.

Tibboth Mrs.

Turner William, Esq. (F.)

Thomas S. Vernon, Esq. Frockbury

Wilkes Richard, Esq. (F.)

Williams Tho. Esq. (F.) Money-lane

Welchman Miss

Walker Mrs. Ann

Wharton Joshua, Esq. (F.)

Yarnold Mrs. widow


Fountain Rev. Mr. Vicar, and Prebendary of Worcester Cathedral

Shipley Rev. Charles Lewis, Curate and Master of the Grammar School

Taylor Rev. John, (F.) Frockbury

Welch Rev. John, Lydiat

Wells Rev. Wm. Dissenting Minister


Collett Thomas, (F.) Surgeon

Martin Thomas, (F.) Surgeon

Nash Thomas, (F.) Surgeon

Woodcock Anthony, (F.) Surgeon


Brettell Joseph, (F.) Attorney

Huband Thomas, Attorney

Webb John, Attorney

Wattel Richard, Attorney

Traders, &c

Ashmore John, (F.) Carrier

Asplin Joseph, (F.) Shoe-maker

Austin Mary, Cooper

Austin Elizabeth, Milliner

Austin Joseph, Baker

Amphlett Joseph, (F.) Baker

Asplin Thomas, Baker

Ashwell Caleb, Baker

Ashmore Thomas, Tripe-seller

Brooke Wm. (F.) Plumber & Glazier

Bell John, (F.) Carrier

Bell Joshua, (F.) Shoe-maker

Blackford William, (F.) Victualler

Buttler Sam. (F.) Carpenter & Joiner

Beddall Daniel, Grocer

Beddall Sarah, Grocer

Brain Thomas, (F.) Grocer

Binns Daniel and Son, Nail-factors & Cork-cutters

Bullock Abraham, Supervisor of Excise

Brooke Joseph, Victualler

Blue John, Dyer

Buggin George, Grocer

Brooke Richard, Taylor

Brooke William, Taylor

Cottman, Adams, and Co. Worsted and Yarn-manufacturers

Connard William, (F.) Skinner

Callow Thomas, (F.) Baker

Crane John, Watch-maker

Crane Ann, School-mistress

Cromwell John, (F.) Brazier, Ironmonger, and Tin-plate-worker

Cromwell Richard, Sheriff’s – officer

Culwick Mich. (F.) Innkeeper (Crown)

Connard J. Needle and Fish-hook-maker

Collet Thomas, (F.) Maltster

Collet Richard, (F.) Maltster and Manufacturer of Flaxen-cloth

Crampton William, Grocer

Court Edward, (F.) Victualler

Cox John, Schoolmaster, Bercott

Cox Thomas, Hair-dresser

Cauldecott George, Schoolmaster

(Coder?) James, Baker

Chillingworth John, (F.) Grocer

Chillingworth Henry, (F.) Maltster & Brickmaker

Clement John, Maltster & Victualler

Cauldwell -, Shopkeeper

Dipple Frances, Grocer

Duffill Joseph, Whitener and Manufacturer of Flaxen-cloth

Davis James, Cork-cutter

Dunklin George, flax-dresser

Edwards Thomas, (F.) Clock-maker

Ellins Elizabeth, Grocer

Fisher Mrs. Sadler

Ford Mrs. Bookseller

Greaves William, (F.) Ironmonger

Green Edward, Coffin-furniture-manufacturer, Looking-glass and Picture-frame-maker, and Factor

Green Edward and James, Coffin-furniture-manufacturers, Brass-founders, and factors

Green Thomas, Cabinet-maker

Green Mrs. Victualler

Grove Samuel, Gardener

Humphries Henry, (F.) Manufacturer of Flaxen-cloth

Hope William, Liquor-merchant

Haines Samuel, (F.) Currier

Heynes Baylis, (F.) Butcher

Healey George, Innholder (Golden Cross)

Hemming Edward, Mercer and Draper

Hervey John, (F.) Butcher

Higgs Benjamin, Smith

Harbidge Henry, Smith

Harrison John, (F.) Rope-maker

Hoseland Bridget, Grocer

Hand James, Grocer

Heath Humphrey, Gardener

Jennings Moses, Hatter

Jakeman John, (F.) Tanner

Jones Ashton, Stay-maker

Jones John, Mason

Juggins Thomas, Ironmonger

Juggins Miss, Milliner

Jones John, Victualler

Kings Wm. (F.) Innholder (Crab-Mill)

Kendrick William, Maltster

Kimberly George, Gimblet-maker

Kings Ann, Grocer

Knight William, Butcher

Luckcock Abraham, Shoe-maker

Lowe and Johnsons, Stationers, &c.

Lee John, Butcher

Lewis William, (F.) Mason

Ladbury John, (F.) Wheelwright

Morgan Mrs. Schoolmistress

Moore Jonathan, Hosier

Moore Frances, Milliner

Martin Benj. Hop-merchant & Seedsman

Moore Thomas, (F.) Smith

Matthews James, Sadler

Millwood William, Cooper

Miles Benj. Taylor and Habit-maker

Moore John, Postmaster and Baker

Manning -, Taylor

Noakes Moses, Birmingham & Worcester Carrier

Nash James, Butcher

Osband James, Dyer

Owen John, Peruke-maker

Phillips Jane, Mercer and Draper

Prowett David, (F.) Druggist & Grocer

Peart Joshua, (F.) Shopkeeper

Penn John, Chandler and Grocer

Poole Richard, Cabinet-maker

Packman Joseph, Victualler

Parkers John, (F.) Innholder & maltster

Pinfield Mrs. widow, Victualler

Parkes Richard, Wood-turner & Chair-maker

Pritchett Abraham, (F.) Victualler

Parker Richard, (F.) Whitesmith

Parkes William, (F.) Needle-merchant

Pidduck Miss, Milliner

Reeves James and William, Factors

Rose Wm. (F.) Chandler and Grocer

Rose Joseph, Broker

Rose John, Grocer

Rencher Isaac, Victualler

Reeves -, Milliner

Sill Mary, Grocer

Sheffield Jonathan, (F.) Dyer

Sheffield Thomas, (F.) Miller

Southall Benjamin, Cooper

Southall John, Gun-maker

Smith T. Scrivener

Scattergood William, Grocer

Steward John, (F.) Maltster

Steward John, (F.) Victualler, Maltster, and Dealer in Timber

Southall J. (F.) Innholder (Golden Lion)

Tevainley Samuel, (F.) Cornfactor

Taylor Thomas, Breeches-maker

Taylor John, (F.) Skinner

Tyrall James, Breeches-maker

Tearn Joseph, Victualler

Tolley Matthew, Grocer

Tandey George, Cordwainer

Webster John and Richard, Manufacturers of Coffin-ornaments & Picture-frames, and Wholesale Dealers in Birmingham Hardwares

Williams Oliver, (F.) Tanner

Wright Charles, (F.) Nail-factor

Wright Sarah, Ironmonger

Wakeman Mary, Grocer

Wilkinson James, Mercer

Wall James, Currier and Maltster

White George, Butcher

Webb William, Cordwainer

Winnall Richard, (F.) Cabiner-maker

Walker Norris, Wood-turner & Brush-maker

Weaver William, Heel-maker

Weaver Benjamin, Cordwainer

Watson -, Nurseryman

Walker Richard, Schoolmaster

Whitheford Joseph, School-master

SEATS AND VILLAGES – Grafton-manor, the ancient seat of the Earl of Shrewsbury, one mile and a half South-west – Hewell –Grange, the seat of the Earl of Plymouth, 4 miles South-east – Dodford-priory, one mile and a half North-east – Stoke-priory adjoins Bromsgrove, as do the several parishes of Belbroughton, Rushbrook, Chadderly-Corbett, Upton-Warren, Cafton-Hackett, Frankley, and King’s-Norton, in the county of Worcester; the parish of Halesowen, in the county of Salop; and, Tardebig, in the county of Warwick.

Source – Universal British Directory 1791

Note: the spellings used are those in the directory so some of the names of the parishes and villages may look a little odd compared to the spellings of their names today, e.g. Chadderly-Corbett is now Chaddesley Corbett.

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