Berkeley with Newport and Neighbours Slater’s Directory 1850

Berkeley is a parish comprising the borough of Berkeley and the tithings of Alkington, Breadstone, Hamfellow, Hinton and Ham, and the hamlet of Stone; in the hundred of Berkeley – the market town, small and respectable, is 114 miles W. by N. from London, 18 N. from Bristol, and 5 W. from Dursley – the last names situated on the Bristol and Gloucester line of railway.  The town is pleasantly seated in the beautiful and fertile vale of Berkeley, upon the banks of the small river Berkeley Avon, which runs into the Severn, about a mile distant.  The principal trade of the place is in coal, brought from the Forest of Dean; there is likewise some business in timber, malt, corn and cheese, for which last the country around is somewhat celebrated.  The Berkeley and Gloucester canal, navigable for vessels of four hundred tons burden, passes to the north of the town; and the river Severn, before-mentioned, flows some short distance to the west.  A neat market house and town hall, of Bath stone, is of modern date.  Courts leet and baron are held annually, at Michaelmas, at the Berkeley Arms Inn, under the representatives of the lord of the manor, Earl Fitzhardinge; and the magistrates sit in petty sessions at the White Hart Inn one in three weeks.  The town was a borough in the reign of Edward I, but having lost its charter of incorporation, is now within the jurisdiction of the county magistrates; the ancient custom of electing a mayor is still annually observed, but his office is merely nominal.
The parish church of Saint Mary is a spacious structure, chiefly in the early style of English architecture, with a tower of more modern date, entirely separated from the body of the church; the living is a vicarage in the patronage of the Earl Fitzharding; the Rev. John Seton Karr is the present incumbent.  The Independents and Wesleyan Methodists have a chapel each; and there are public schools for children of either sex – including one upon the British system, supported partly by voluntary subscriptions and partly by the pupils, and a free school founded in 1696.  The principal seat in this district is Berkeley Castle; the ancient baronial mansion of the Berkeley family – founded by Roger de Berkeley soon after the Conquest; it has been the scene of various memorable transactions – the most remarkable, perhaps, was the murder of Edward II, in September, 1327.  The castle stands on a rising ground among meadows, commanding a delightful view of the river Severn and the surrounding country.  Berkeley is the birth and burial place of Doctor Edward Jenner, who introduced the practice of vaccination.  The market is held in Tuesday; and the fairs May 14th and December 1st, for cattle.  The parish of Berkeley contained in 1831, 3,899 inhabitants, and in 1841, 4,405.

Newport is a small pleasant village about 2 miles S.E. from Berkeley.  Previous to the opening of the neighbouring railway it was a place of some thoroughfare, and derived a little business from that circumstance; but now it is fast going to decay, and its inhabitants rapidly diminishing in number.

Post Office, Berkeley, Mary Dowell, Post Mistress. – Letters from London and the North and various other places arrive every morning at a quarter before six, and are despatched at five minutes before seven in the evening.
Letters from Bristol and places South and West arrive every evening at eight, and are despatched at a quarter past four in the morning.

Nobility, Gentry, and Clergy.

Alpass Mrs. Esther, Berkeley
Bailey Mr. Henry, Berkeley
Bailey Mr. Joseph, Berkeley
Bailey Mr. Wm. Abwell Berkeley
Croome Mr. James, Breadston
Ellis William Joyner, Esq. (coroner for the county), Wickselme
Fitzhardinge the Right Honble. the Earl of, Berkeley Castle
Hickes Captain Augustus, Berkeley
Jenner Lieut.Col. Robt. Fitzhardinge
Karr Rev. John Seton, Berkeley
Lester Mrs. Mary, Berkeley
Long Octavius, Esq. Berkeley
Marsh Mr, John, Berkeley
Morgan John H. B. Esq., Berkeley
Parsloe Mrs. Maria, Berkeley
Pike Miss Sarah Mary, Berkeley
Slatterly Rev. John, Berkeley

Academies & Schools

Bateman Alice (boarding and day)
British School – John Hill Beale, master; Caroline Beale, mistress
Free School – Rev. John Seton Karr, master
King Robert Pearce (day).
Infant’s School – Mary Luce, mistress

Professional Persons, at Berkeley.

Gaisford William, attorney & clerk to the magistrates
Hands Francis, surgeon
Hickes George, attorney
Hickes John Cox, surgeon
Jenner Henry, physician, Stone
Orton Thomas, surgeon

Fire, &c., Office Agents, at Berkeley.

Clerical, Medical and General (life). William Gaisford
General, Thomas Orton
Phoenix, Timothy Tratman
Royal Farmers’ and General, David Legge

Inns & Public Houses, at Berkeley when not otherwise mentioned.

Berkeley Arms Inn (and inland revenue office), John Cary
Crown Inn, Thos. Hooper, Newport
George, Henry Cook
Mariners’ Arms, John Parslow
Old Bell, William Parslow, Berkeley heath
Railway Inn, Thomas Ivey
Spread Eagle, John Hopkins, Newport
Swan, Henry Swinchcombe
White Hart Inn, George Elliott
White Hart, Enoch Woodward, Newport
White Lion, Swan Webster

Shopkeepers & Traders, at Berkeley when not otherwise mentioned.

Alpass Thomas, butcher
Baggs James, beer retailer
Bailey Richd. book seller & stationer
Barber Harriet, linen draper
Box John, watch & clock maker
Broadstock Mary, beer retailer
Brownjohn James, beer retailer
Burley Thos., blacksmith, Newport
Clark Ann, dress maker
Clark Caroline, straw bonnet maker
Clark Elizabeth, shopkeeper
Clark James, shopkeeper
Cook Henry Herbert, land agent
Croome John, tanner
Daniels Walter, beer retailer
Dash Edward, boot & shoe maker
Daw George, stone cutter
Day Thomas, butcher
Edmonds Charles, saddler, Newport
Eley Jas, saddler & harness maker
Fear Abraham, cooper
Ghostley Edwin, stone mason
Glover Wm. Alfred, wine & spirit dealr
Hadley William, Pearce, coal dealer
Hale Elias, tailor
Hazel William, beer retailer
Howell Job, beer retailer
Keene Thomas, boot & shoe maker
King Hannah & Sarah & Co. grocers and tea dealers
King James, shopkeeper
King Samuel, boot & shoe maker
King Thomas, blacksmith
Latch John, ironmonger & blacksmith
Latch Henry, stone mason & statuary
Launder Richard, shopkeeper
Legge Davis, wine & spirit dealer, auctioneer and appraiser
Mabbett John, livery stable keeper
Mackintosh Alexander, linen draper
Marling George, shopkeeper
Merrett Joseph, builder
Muffitt Nathaniel, baker
Parsons Henry, tailor
Pearce Robert, maltster
Phillips James, Gastrell, plumber & glazier, and china dealer
Phipps James, boot & shoe maker
Poole Daniel, tailor
Pope William, grocer & druggist
Powell George, scale board maker, Newport
Reeves Benjamin, watch and clock maker
Rodway Thomas, tailor
Sheppard John, Newport
Smith Harriet, boot & shoe maker
Smith Wm. butcher & shopkeeper
Smith William, grocer
Sturge Joseph, hair dresser
Sutton Daniel, grocer & draper
Tilton William, brazier & tinman
Tratman Timothy, grocer & draper
Warner George, chemist & druggist
Watts Joseph, boot & shoe maker
Woolwright Thomas, maltster

Conveyance By Railway
on the Bristol and Gloucester Line

Station, Berkeley Road, nearly three miles from the town.

From their respective houses.

To Bristol, John Tilley & Isaac Pick, on Thursday
To Gloucester, John Mabbett’s van, every Wednesday and Saturday morning, at half-past seven and Jonathan Hopkins, on Saturday.

Source: Slater’s Directory (Gloucestershire Section) 1850