Arlsey is a village, parish, and station on the Great Northern Railway, 37 miles from London, 12 south-east from Bedford, 4 south from Biggleswade, and 5 north from Hitchin, in the hundred of Clifton, union and county court district of Biggleswade, rural deanery of Shefford, archdeaconry of Bedford, and diocese of Ely. The church of St. Peter is a plain stone structure, and is fitted with open benches: it contains several fine marble monuments; those in the body of the church, of the Browne and Edwards families, are of very ancient date: the chancel contains the vault of the Jackson family. The register dates from the year 1538.

The living is a vicarage, with the rectory of Astwick annexed, joint yearly value £450, with residence, in the gift of, and held by, the Rev. Richard Folliott Scott, M.A., of Emmanuel College, Cambridge. There is a National school, and a Wesjeyan chapel. Here are extensive brick works, carried on by Mr. R. Beart, of Godmanchester, and the Great Northern Company, where large quantities of perforated white bricks and draining tiles are made, affording considerable employment in the neighbourhood. Tbe chief landowners are Sir Glynne Earle Welby-Gregory, Bart., and Samuel Bedford Edwards, Esq., who is lord of the manor. The soil is strong clay; subsoil, clay;. The chief crops are wheat, barley, beans and peas. The population in 1861 was 1,401, the area is 2,303 acres.

Parish Clerk, Joseph Devereux.

Letters received through Baldock. Shefford is the nearest money order office

National School, Joseph Allison, master

Railway Station, David Watts, station master; station master at Arlsey Siding, Philip Walters

Edwards Saml. Bedford, esq. Arlsey Bury

Hailey Miss

Henderson Rev. William Lawes, M. A. [curate]

Scott Rev. Richard Folliott, M.A. The Vicarage

COMMERCIAL.

Albone George, beer retailer

Albone William, beer retailer

Allen Ambrose, beer retailer

Beacher Thomas, shopkeeper

Beart Robert, brick maker; & at Godmancbester

Bennett James, beer retailer

Boothey John, Brick Ground inn

Brittain Joseph, builder

Cartwright George, beer retailer

Cartwright James, beer retailer

Clark David, poulterer

Cox James, beer retailer

Davies Elizabeth (Mrs.), farmer

Davies Joseph Crout, builder

Day William, tailor

Dennis William, brick maker

Fletcher John, shopkeeper

Folbigg Simon, shopkeeper

Great Northern Brick Co. (John Philip Hawkes, manager)

Hall Harriet, beer retailer

Hare Frederick, baker

Hawkes George, thrashing machine proprietor & farmer

Hildred Henry, Lamb

Hill Arabella (Mrs.), White Horse

Hyde Charles, Old Oak

Jeeves Offspring, beer retailer

Johnson Robert, beer retailer

King Samuel, butcher

Kirby Geo. beer retailer & shopkeeper

Kitchiner George, butcher

Kitchiner John, baker

Leng Henry Thomas, plumber& glazier

Levitt Frederick, shopkeeper

Levitt William, beer retailer

Maxey Thomas, Prince of Wales

Pack Thomas, tailor

Payne William, baker

Pike Henry, beer retailer

Prutton William, beer retailer

Purser Charles, farmer, The Chase farm

Samuel William, Cricketers

Stalby George, beer retailer

Stamford George, butcher

Street Joseph, farmer

Tasker William, shopkeeper

Thornaby Thomas, beer retailer

Toller Cliristopher, farmr. Waterloo farm

Trustram James, farmer

Tufnail Joseph, blacksmith

Webb Mary (Mrs.), beer retailer

Webb William, shopkeeper

Winters Amos, beer retailer

Winters Mary (Mrs.), farmer

Source: Post Office Directory of Northamptonshire, Huntingdonshire, Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Berkshire and Oxfordshire.  Printed and Published by Kelly and Co., 51, Great Queen Street, Lincoln’s Inn Fields, London; 1869.