Situate near the extremity of the county, and in a great measure surrounded by Worcestershire, is of great antiquity, though now a very inconsiderable town. All the Saxon kings are said to have held a congress here in 689, to consult about a war and peace with the Britons. It was incorporated by James I and is governed by two bailiffs, twelve burgesses, and a steward. It has a court of record every fourth Friday, before the steward and bailiffs of the borough, for all actions not exceeding 6l. 13s. 6d. and they have two serjeants with silver maces. There is a tolerable market every Wednesday, and four annual fairs, viz. Ash-Wednesday, April 23, August 5, and December 10, this last is a very large fair for fat cattle. The benefit of the two first belong to the town, and the others to the lord of the manor. The church is a large Gothic edifice, the patron of which is the Earl of Gainsborough, who is proprietor of the greatest part of the parish, and to whom the town gives the title of viscount. The parish is ten miles in compass. In the church are as fine marble monuments as most in England, of which the most conspicuous, supported by twelve pillars, is for Sir Baptist Hicks, viscount Cambden, who gave 10,000l in his life-time to charitable uses, and was a great benefactor to the town by erecting an alms-house for 6 poor men, and 6 women, at 3s. 4d. a week, besides coals; and rebuilding the market-place, &c. He built a noble house near the church, the outside of which cost 29,000l but this was destroyed in the civil wars. The church is supposed to have been built in the reign of Richard I and in it are some very ancient grave-stones, one of 1401, another 1386. here are two charity-schools, where 30 girls are clothed and taught to read, knit, and spin; and another charity-school for teaching 24 poor children to read. It has a grammar-school endowed with 60l. per annum for the master and usher.
A silk-mill and manufactory have been recently established in this town and neighbourhood, and which promise great advantage to the proprietor, Mr. John Franklin, and to the public, by the employment given to great numbers of the poor.
The road from Worcester to London passes through Broadway, 4 miles from Campden. The distance of this town from Shipston is 7 miles, Stow 10, Evesham 10, Stratford 12, Gloucester 30, Tewkesbury 20, and London 89.
The post goes in and out every day. Mr. James Tidmarsh is the postmaster. The principal inn is the George. There is a wagon from London for this place, from the Bull and Mouth, near Aldersgate-street, every Wednesday and Saturday at eleven in the morning.
The banker of this town is Mr. Edward Horseman, (F.) who draws on Esdailes, Hammett, and co. bankers, London.
The following are the names, professions, &c. of the principal inhabitants:
Horseman John, Gent.
Weston Rev. William, (F.) Vicar
Simmonds Thomas, Curate
Lumbard James, Surgeon
Lumbard Richard, (F.) Surgeon
Millard Mr. Surgeon
Cotterell Edward, (F.) Attorney
Allen William, Mercer
Allen John, Maltster
Andrews William, Fellmonger
Bevington Mark, Tanner
Downes Isaiah, Mercer
Darby John, Brazier
Emms John, Butcher
Ellis John, Thread-maker
Franklin John, Silk-throwster
Horseman Richard, (F.) Maltster
Hows James, (F.) Butcher and Maltster
Hands Thomas, Sack-weaver
Jenkins J. (F.) Shopkeeper & Maltster
Keyte John, Currier
Martin John, (F.) Mercer
Miles Richard, Grocer
Phipps Matthew, (F.) Grocer
Smith Thomas, Brazier
Tidmarsh James, (F.) Innkeeper
Thompson William, Grocer
Tombs Sarah, Sack-weaver
Trueby William, Butcher
Wilson Edward, Flax-dresser
The following gentlemen haves seats in the neighbourhood:- Sir John Rushout, Bart at Northwick; Henry Tongue, Esq. at Ebrington. The following are freeholders: Joseph Roberts, Esq. at Newcomb; Joseph Green, Esq. at Paxton; Rev. Reginald Wynniatt, at Stanton; Rev. John Pelley, at Weston-subedge; Rev. William Scott, at Willersey; Rev. Mr. Loggin, at Long Marston; John Corbett, Gent. at Adminton; John Corbett, Gent. and Michael Corbett, Gent. at Quinton; William Heden, Gent. at Norton; Nathaniel Heden, Gent. at Honeyborne; Henry Heden, Gent. at Marston; John Miller, Gent. and Banner Shakel, Gent. at Pebworth; Tho. Smith, Gent. at Adminton.
Source: Universal British Directory 1791.