Kington Herefordshire Family History Guide

Kington is an Ancient Parish and a market town in the county of Herefordshire. Brilley is a chapelry of Kington.

Other places in the parish include: Barton, Barton, Bradnor and Rushock, Both Hergests, Bradnor, Chickward, Rushock, Lilwall, Pembers Oak and Chickward, New Kington, Old and New Kington, Old Kington, Pembers Oak, and Lilwall.

Parish church:

Parish registers begin: 1667

Nonconformists include: Particular Baptist, Primitive Methodist, and Wesleyan Methodist.

Parishes adjacent to Kington

  • Huntington
  • Old Radnor with Kinnerton
  • Knill
  • Brilley
  • Titley
  • Lyonshall
  • Eardisley with Bollingham
  • Presteigne with Discoed
  • Old Radnor And Burlingjobb
  • Gladestry

Historical Descriptions

Kington

The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870

KINGTON, a small town, a township, a parish, and a sub-district, in the district of Presteigne and county of Hereford. The town stands on the river Arrow, at the terminus of the Leominster and Kington railway, amid a zone of steep wooded hills, 2½ miles E of the boundary with Wales, and 13 W by S of Leominster; had a castle for defence of the borders against the Welsh; was visited by Charles II., immediately before the battle of Worcester; had a barn theatre in which Mrs. Siddons made her first appearance on any stage; is a seat of petty sessions and county courts, and a polling place; consists chiefly of four well formed streets; presents a modern, clean, and respectable appearance; is much visited by strangers, for the sporting waters and the picturesque scenery in its neighbourhood; and has a head post office, a railway station, two banking offices, a chief inn, a market house, a police station, a church, three dissenting chapels, a free grammar school, national schools, a workhouse, and charities about £100. The church stands on an eminence; is in the early English style; comprises nave, aisles, and chancel, with about 1,200 sittings; and includes an ancient side chapel, surmounted by handsome tower and spire, and containing a fine alabaster tomb to the memory of Thomas Vaughan, Esq. The grammar school adjoins the church; was founded, in 1619, by Lady Hawkins; and has an endowed income of £225. A weekly market is held on Wednesday; and fairs are held on the Wednesday before 2 Feb., Easter Wednesday, Whit-Monday, 2 Aug., 19 Sept., 11 Oct., and 25 Dec. Woollen cloth manufacture was formerly prominent, but is extinct; glove making also was important, but has much declined; and malting, tanning, nailmaking, and iron founding are now carried on. The township contains the town; and is divided into New K. and Old K. Real property of New K., £7, 827, of which £314 are on the railway, and £125 in gas works; of Old K., £1,435. Pop. of the whole, in 1851, 1,939; in 1861, 2,178. Houses, 437. The parish contains also the township of Both-Hergests, the t. of Lilwall, Pembers Oak, and Chickward, and the t. of Barton, Bradnor, and Rushock. Acres, 8,313. Real property, £15,585. Pop., 3,076. Houses, 632. Bradnor Hill, immediately N of the town, is crowned by ancient remains, which have been regarded, by some antiquaries, as Drnidical; by others, as a link in a chain of forts along a considerable extent of frontier; by others, as an ancient camp debateably British, Roman, or Saxon. The living is a vicarage, united with the rectory of Hunnington, in the diocese of Hereford. Value, £520. Patron, the Bishop of Worcester. The sub-district contains also four other parishes. Acres, 24,849. Pop., 6,296. Houses, 1,308.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].

Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales 1850

Kington. 155 miles W. London. Mrkt. Wed. P. 3131.

Source: Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales; Second Edition; C. W. Leonard, London; 1850.

Universal British Directory 1791

Kington, or Kyneton, on the river Arrow, is 146 miles from London. It is a pretty large well-built old town, inhabited chiefly by clothiers, who drive a considerable trade in narrow cloth. It has a market on Wednesday, one of the best in the county; with a free-school, and a charity-school. Its fairs are Wednesday before Easter, Whit-Monday, July 22, and Sept. 13. The markets on Wednesday before Easter, Whitsuntide, and Christmas, are so considerable for corn, cattle, leather, home-made linen and woollen cloth, and all sorts of provisions, that they are more like fairs.

Source: Universal British Directory 1791

Barton

Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales 1850

Barton, in Kington parish. P. 426.

Source: Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales; Second Edition; C. W. Leonard, London; 1850.

Both-Hergests

The Parliamentary Gazetteer of England and Wales 1851

Both-Hergests, a township in the parish of Kington, hund. of Huntington, county of Hereford; 2½ miles south-west of Kington. Pop., in 1801, 124; in 1831, 159. Houses 34. Other returns with the parish.

Source: The Parliamentary Gazetteer of England and Wales; A Fullarton & Co. Glasgow; 1851

Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales 1850

Both-Hergests, in Kington parish. P. 244.

Source: Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales; Second Edition; C. W. Leonard, London; 1850.

Bradnor

Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales 1850

Bradnor, included in Kington par.

Source: Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales; Second Edition; C. W. Leonard, London; 1850.

Chickward

Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales 1850

Chickward, in Kington par. P. 381.

Source: Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales; Second Edition; C. W. Leonard, London; 1850.

Lilwall

Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales 1850

Lilwall, incl. in Kington parish.

Source: Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales; Second Edition; C. W. Leonard, London; 1850.

Pembers Oak

Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales 1850

Pembers-Oak, incl. in Kington par.

Source: Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales; Second Edition; C. W. Leonard, London; 1850.

Rushock

Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales 1850

Rustrock [sic], incl. in Kington parish.

Source: Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales; Second Edition; C. W. Leonard, London; 1850.

Directories

Kington (Herefordshire) Universal British Directory 1791

Administration

  • County: Herefordshire
  • Civil Registration District: Presteigne
  • Probate Court: Court of the Bishop of Hereford (Episcopal Consistory)
  • Diocese: Hereford
  • Rural Deanery: Weobley
  • Poor Law Union: Kington
  • Hundred: Huntington
  • Province: Canterbury
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