Bishops Cleeve, Gloucestershire Family History Guide

St. Michael & All Angel's Church, Bishop's Cleeve
St. Michael & All Angel’s Church, Bishop’s Cleeve. The copyright on this image is owned by Paul Makepeace and is licensed for reuse under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 license.

Bishop’s Cleeve is an Ancient Parish in the county of Gloucestershire.

Other places in the parish include: Brockhampton, Gotherington, Woodmancote, Southam and Brockhampton, Stoke Orchard, and Southam.

Parish church: St. Michael & All Angel’s Church

Parish registers begin: 1563

Nonconformists include: Countess of Huntingdon Methodist and Society of Friends/Quaker.

Parishes adjacent to Bishop’s Cleeve

  • Woolstone
  • Swindon
  • Elmstone Hardwicke with Uckington
  • Tredington
  • Prestbury
  • Sevenhampton
  • Prescott
  • Winchcombe with Gretton
  • Alderton
  • Charlton Abbots

Historical Descriptions

Bishop’s Cleeve

The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870

BISHOPS-CLEEVE, a township in Winchcombe district, and a parish in Winchcombe and Tewkesbury districts, Gloucester. The township lies 1¾ mile E of Cleeve r. station, and 3 N by E of Cheltenham; and has a post office under Cheltenham. Real property, £3,950. Pop., 703. Houses, 184. The parish includes also the hamlets of Gotheringtone, Woodmancote, Stoke-Orchard, and Southam and Brockhampton. Acres, 8,150. Real property, £15,107. Pop., 1,970. Houses, 486. The property is much subdivided. The Cleeve hills, along the E, have a crescent-shaped ancient British camp, and the race-ground of the Cheltenham races; and exhibit brilliant scenery of cliff and wood. There are mineral springs. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Gloucester and Bristol Value, £2,000. Patron, the Rev. W. L. Townsend. The church exhibits features from early Norman downward; is cruciform and large; and has a central tower, of modern construction. The parsonage was at one time the residence of the Bishops of Worcester. There are Independent and Baptist chapels and a national school.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].

Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales 1850

Bishops-Cleeve, 4 m. N. Cheltenham. P. 1944

Source: Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales; Second Edition; C. W. Leonard, London; 1850.

Stoke Orchard

Lewis Topographical Dictionary of England 1845

Stoke-Orchard, a chapelry, in the parish and hundred of Bishop’s-Cleeve, union of Tewkesbury, E. division of the county of Gloucester, 4 ½ miles (SE) from Tewkesbury; containing 231 inhabitants, and comprising 1331 acres. The tithes have been commuted for £275. 10., and there is a glebe of three-quarters of an acre.

Source: A Topographical Dictionary of England by Samuel Lewis Fifth Edition Published London; by S. Lewis and Co., 13, Finsbury Place, South. M. DCCC. XLV.

Southam and Brockhampton

Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales 1850

Southam and Brockhampton, 2 m. N.E. Cheltenham. P. 278

Source: Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales; Second Edition; C. W. Leonard, London; 1850

Woodmancote

The Parliamentary Gazetteer of England and Wales 1851

Woodmancot, a hamlet in the parish and hund. of Bishop’s-Clive, union of Winchcombe, county of Gloucester; 3½ miles west by south of Winchcombe, and about 2 miles east of the Birmingham and Gloucester railway. In 1833 here were 4 daily schools. Acreage with the parish. Houses 66. A. P. £267. Pop., in 1801, 192; in 1831, 267. Poor rates, in 1838. £37 16s.

Source: The Parliamentary Gazetteer of England and Wales; A Fullarton & Co. Glasgow; 1851.

Poll Books

Bishop’s Cleeve Poll Book 1834 – Google Books

Gotherington Poll Book 1834 – Google Books

Southam and Brockhampton Poll Book 1834 – Google Books

Stoke Orchard Poll Book 1834 – Google Books

Woodmancote Poll Book 1834 – Google Books

Directories

Bishop’s Cleeve Kelly’s Gloucestershire Directory 1856

Gotherington Kellys Gloucestershire Directory 1856

Marriages

Marriages at Bishop’s Cleeve 1563 to 1812

Note. – The Registers of Bishop’s Cleeve were arranged during May, 1896, by the writer of this note, Mr. Sidney J. Madge, through the courtesy of the Rev. Thomas Jefson, M.A., Rector.

The arrangement has been as follows:-

  • i. Baptisms … xviij Aprill 1563 to 18 Mar. 1746/7
  • Marriages … viij May 1563 to 7 June 1747 796 Entries
  • Burials … ix Aprill 1563 to 4 Oct. 1746
  • ii. Baptisms … 28 Mar. 1747 to 26 Dec. 1812

  • Marriages … 21 Feb. 1748 to 8 Dec. 1767 156 Entries
  • Burials … v Apr. 1747 to 30 Dec. 1812

  • iii. Banns … 22 Apr. 1754 to 22 Feb. 1835 351 Entries

  • Marriages … 22 Apr. 1754 to 5 Dec. 1812 581 Entries

  • iv. Baptisms … 24 Jan. 1813 to 4 June 1848 1,600 Entries

  • v. Baptisms … 4 June 1848 to [22 Mar. 1896] 2,004 Entries

  • vi. Marriages … 9 Feb. 1813 to 6 Apr. 1837 241 Entries

  • vii. Marriages … 3 July 1837 to [20 Jan. 1896] 486 Entries

  • viii. Burials … 10 Jan. 1813 to 19 July 1859 1,568 Entries

  • ix. Burials … 21 July 1859 to 31 Mar. 1885 800 Entries

  • x. Burials … 3 Apr. 1885 to [20 Apr. 1896] 284 Entries

In all there are 6,983 entries from 10 Jan. 1813 to 20 Apr. 1896 – i.e., 3,604 Baptisms, 727 Marriages, 2,652 Burials. From April 22, 1754, to Feb. 22, 1835, there are 351 banns of marriage. The marriages number 2,127 from 8 May 1563, to 20 Jan. 1896, being 1,400 during the period 1563-1812 – that is to say, sixteenth century marriages (1563-1600), 188; seventeenth century, 453; eighteenth century, 632; nineteenth century, (1801 to Jan. 1896), 854. The yearly average of marriages has increased from 5 in the sixteenth century, and 6 in the eighteenth, to 9 in the present century. An interesting comparison may be made by reference to the marriages, burials and baptisms in each of the following years:-

  • Baptisms … (1563) 28; (1596) 28; (1696) 34; (1796) 28; (1896) 31
  • Marriages … (1563) 8; (1596) 3; (1696) 7; (1796) 6; (1896) 11
  • Burials … (1563) 18; (1596) 33; (1696) 16; (1796) 19; (1896) 31
  • Totals … (1563) 54; (1596) 64; (1696) 57; (1796) 53; (1896) 73

The baptisms from 1813 to 1896 (May) show a yearly average of 43; marriages an average of 8, and burials of 31 during the same period.

The recorded marriages for each decade in the period 1563-1812 are as follows:-

1563-1570 38
1571-1580 62
1581-1590 49
1591-1600 39
1601-1610 47
1611-1620 35
1621-1630 52
1631-1640 57
1641-1650 9
1651-1660 13
1661-1670 31
1671-1680 44
1681-1690 40
1691-1700 45
1701-1710 53
1711-1720 26
1721-1730 22
1731-1740 40
1741-1750 23
1751-1760 92
1761-1770 100
1771-1780 122
1781-1790 66
1791-1800 88
1801-1810 105
1811-1812 22
Total 1440

The Registers are in an excellent state of preservation. The first “alias” occurs in 1571, the first licence in 1673, and the first recorded place in 1604. The following gaps occur among the marriages:-

First: 1616, July 22, to 1618, May 25.

Second: 1718/9 [sic], Jan. 18, to 1621, May 6.

Third: 1621, Oct 29, to 1623, Oct. 20.

Fourth: 1641, Aug. 20, to 1644/5, Jan. 26.

Fifth: 1645, Aug. 4, to 1649-50, 9 Feb.

Sixth: 1649-50, Feb. 11, to 1653, June 29.

Seventh: 1656/7, Feb. 9, to 1661, June 29.

Eighth: 1668/9, Jan. 27, to 1670, May 24.

Ninth: 1710/1, Jan. 14, to 1712, Apr. 25.

Tenth: 1741, July 23, to 1743, Apr. 16.

At the end of the second register, three pages are devoted to a list of payments for “Mortuaries”; altogether 98 persons are recorded, the period being 1753 to 1821.

The title of the first Register, as given on the first sheet of parchment, is as given below:-

“The regester booke containynge all the christninges, wedings, and burialls ffrom the yere of our Lord God one thousand ffive hundred sixtie and three – Wrytten by me, Richard Owen, clerke, curat of Cleave in the yeare of our Lord God 1598. Richard Fowler, Richard Garne and Richard Lisle then church wardens.”

There is also a quaint note in the same volume, on the page following the burials of 1711, which runs thus:-

“Memorandum that vpon ye 29th of August being the 12th Sunday after Trinity An. Dom. 1669 Thomas Restall of Stoake Orchard in ye parish of Bishops Cleeve being legally excomunicated for apparent contumacy, and so continuing for many months, by ye Rightful Worshipfull Chancellour of ye Diocesse of Gloucest’r did make humble Confession of his faults before ye Right Reverend Father in God William Lord Bishop of Gloucester, publickely in the Parish Church of Bishops Cleeve aforesaid in forme and manner as here followeth:

“I Thomas Restall doe humbly confesse and acknowledg that I have greviously offended God, in Contemning his Majesties Godly and lawfull Gouerment and Authority by absenting my Selfe from Church, and from hearinge Divine Service, contrary to the Godly Laws and Statutes of this Realme, and in vsing and frequenting disordered & Vnlawfull Conventicles and Assemblys, Vnder pretense and colour of Exercise of Religion, and an heartily sorry for the same, and doe acknowledg and testifie in my Conscionce that noe other Person hath or ought to have any Power or Authority over his Majestie, and I doe promise and protest without any Dissimulation, or any Colour or Meanes of any Dispensation that from henceforth I will from Time to Time obey and performe his Majesties Laws and Statutes in Repairing to the Church, and hearing Diuine Service and doe my vtmost Indeauour to mainetaine and defend the same, and this I doe heartily readily and of my owne Accord. August 29th, 1669.”

This transcript of Marriages has been prepared by Mr. Sidney J. Madge, and is now printed under his supervision by permission of the Rev. Thomas Jefson, M.A., Rector of Bishop’s Cleeve.

Source: Gloucestershire Parish Register. Marriages. Edited by W. P. W. Phillimore, M.A., B.C.L., Vol. III. Issued to the Subscribers by Phillimore & Co., 36, Essex Street, Strand, London. 1898.

Marriages at Bishop’s Cleeve 1563-1812 – UK Genealogy Archives

Transcriptions

Bishop’s Cleeve Marriages 1806 to 1812

Bishop’s Cleeve Marriages 1800 to 1805

Bishop’s Cleeve Marriages 1795 to 1799

Bishop’s Cleeve Marriages 1790 to 1794

Bishop’s Cleeve Marriages 1783 to 1789

Bishop’s Cleeve Marriages 1775 to 1783

Bishop’s Cleeve Marriages 1770 to 1774

Bishop’s Cleeve Marriages 1765 to 1769

Administration

  • County: Gloucestershire
  • Civil Registration District: Winchcomb
  • Probate Court: Court of the Peculiar of Bishop’s Cleeve
  • Diocese: Post 1835 – Gloucester and Bristol, Pre 1836 – Gloucester
  • Rural Deanery: Winchcombe
  • Poor Law Union: Winchcombe
  • Hundred: Bishop’s Cleeve
  • Province: Canterbury
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