Stroud, Gloucestershire Family History Guide

Stroud by Alex Liivet from Chester
Stroud by Alex Liivet from Chester. This file is made available under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication.

Stroud is an Ecclesiastical Parish and a market town in the county of Gloucestershire, created in 1723 from Bisley Parish.

Other places in the parish include: Steanbridge, Paganhill, Lower Lyppiatt, Upper Lyppiatt.

Parish church: St. Laurence

Parish registers begin: 1624

Nonconformists include: Baptist, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Independent/Congregational, Primitive Methodist, and Wesleyan Methodist.

Trade: Cloth and woollen goods

Parishes adjacent to Stroud

  • Rodborough
  • Slad
  • Bisley
  • Chalford
  • Brimscombe
  • Bussage

Historical Descriptions

St Laurence' parish church, Stroud, Gloucestershire
South porch, west tower and broach spire of St Laurence’ parish church, Stroud, Gloucestershire, seen through the south gateway to the churchyard by Robin Poitou. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.




Stroud, a parliamentary borough and market and post town of England, in Gloucestershire, situated near the confluence of the Frome, or Stroud, and the Sladewater, 9 miles S. E. from Gloucester. The town has been much improved during the present century, and contains many good streets and well built houses. It has two churches, several chapels for nonconformists, and a dispensary. Manf. Cloth and woollen goods. The waters of the Stroud and Slade possess peculiar properties, which render them of great use in dyeing cloth of all colours, and more especially scarlet. Mar. D. Fri. Pop. of parl. bor. 35,517. It is a telegraph station, and a station on the Swindon, Gloucester, and South Wales branch of the Great Western Railway.

Source: Beeton’s British Gazetteer 1870. Ward, Lock & Tyler, Paternoster Row, London.


Stroud, market town and par. with ry. sta., Gloucestershire, on the Thames and Severn Canal, adjacent to the Frome and the Slade, 9 miles S. of Gloucester – par., 3731 ac., pop. 11,112; town, 999 ac., pop. 7848; P.O., T.O., 2 Banks, 2 newspapers. Market-day, Friday. Stroud is mainly built on the side of a steep declivity in a valley sheltered by the Cotswolds, and has a picturesque aspect. The chief interest of the place, however, centres in its cloth factories, which have associated with them dyeworks, the water being peculiarly suited for such operations. Stroud was a parliamentary borough and sent 2 members to Parliament from 1832 until 1885; the parliamentary limits included all Stroud parish, 12 other parishes, and a part.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].


Stroud, a parish, borough, and market-town, in the hund. of Bisley, union of Stroud, county of Gloucester; 9 miles south-south-east of Gloucester, and 27 north-east of Bristol, in the line of the Great Western railway, and the Thames and Severn canal. Acres 3,990. Houses 1,746. A.P. £12,215. Pop., in 1801, 5,422; in 1831, 8,607. Living, a perpetual curacy with the curacy of Trinity annexed, formerly in the archd. and dio. of Gloucester, now in the dio. of Gloucester and Bristol; certified at £17 5s., returned at £85 4s. 6d.; gross income £136. Patron, the bishop of Gloucester and Bristol. In 1838, a new church, with 1,000 sittings, was erected in the early English style. At Whiteshill, a district church has recently been built, towards the endowment of which the Rev. Dr. Warneford contributed £500. The situation is one of great beauty, and commands an extensive prospect of the lovely valleys which surround this fine neighbourhood. The building, which is capable of accommodating 600 persons, is in the Norman style, after a design by Thomas Foster, Esq., of Bristol, — the architect of Trinity church, and of the church lately completed at Brimscombe. Stroud also possesses several dissenting churches. The Independent church was formed in 1711; the Wesleyan Methodist in 1763; the Baptist in 1825; and there are 10 daily, 2 day and boarding, 2 day and Sunday, and 11 Sunday, schools. Charities, in 1825, produced £570 4s. 8d. per annum, of which about, £260 were applied to parochial, and £110 to educational, purposes. Poor rates, in 1838, £1,605 11s. The Stroud poor-law union comprehends 15 parishes, embracing an area of 63 square miles; with a population returned, in 1831, at 40,767. The average annual expenditure for relief, &c, of the poor of this district, during the three years preceding the formation of the union, was £12,765. Expenditure, in 1838, £12,334; in 1840, £13,318 15s.

The town stands upon an eminence in the midst of a country singularly beautiful and romantic, near the confluence of the Frome and the Slade. It contains many handsome houses, and is well supplied with water. Stroud has long been famous as the centre of the woollen manufacture in Gloucester, and owes its superiority to the water of the Frome or Stroud, which is said to have a peculiar property for fixing scarlet and other grain colours. The banks of the river are, in consequence, covered with dyeing establishments, fulling-mills, &c. In 1838, 14 woollen-mills here employed 1,299 hands, but trade was considerably depressed. Of late years the town has been greatly improved. The market is on Friday; and there are fairs on May 10th and August 21st, for cattle, sheep, and pigs. Here is a branch of the Gloucestershire banking company. The petty-sessions for the hundred are held here on the first and third Fridays of every month. The Reform act has conferred the privilege of returning two members to parliament on this town, in conjunction with the several parishes of Stroud, Bisley, Painswick, Pitchcomb, Randwick, Stonehouse, Leonard-Stanley, King’s-Stanley, Rodborough, Minchinhampton, Woodchester, Avening, and Horsley, except that part of the parish of Leonard-Stanley which is called Lorridge’s Farm, and is surrounded by the parish of Berkley. Stroud is a polling-place in the election of members for the eastern division of the county.

Source: The Parliamentary Gazetteer of England and Wales; A Fullarton & Co. Glasgow; 1851.


Stroud, co. Gloucester.

London 101 m. W b N. Pop. 7097. M. D. Fri. Fairs, May 10 and Aug. 21, for cattle, sheep, and pigs.

A market-town and parish in the hundred of Bisley, situated on an eminence near the confluence of the river Frome, and the Slade Water. It may be considered as the centre of the clothing manufacture in this part of the country. Its water is celebrated for the dyeing of scarlet and other grain colours, on which account the clothing trade has been extended for upwards of twenty miles along the river, on the banks of which are numerous fulling-mills. The Severn Canal passes this town to Cirencester, and joins the Thames at Lechlade. The scenery of this district is very beautiful, though the steep acclivity and irregularity of the ground render the roads fatiguing to travellers. The living, which was formerly subordinate to the vicarage of Bisley, is now a distinct curacy in the archdeaconry and diocese of Gloucester, of the certified value of 17l. 5s.; ann. val. P. R. 85l. 4s. 6d.; patron, the Bishop of Gloucester. The church, which is ded. to St. Laurence, has been erected and repaired at different periods, and consists of a nave, chancel, and side aisles, with a tower and spire at the west end. Here are various meeting-houses, particular Baptists and Independent and Wesleyan Methodists; also an endowed freeschool, and several charity-schools. The petty sessions for Bisley district are holden here. John Canton, the natural philosopher, and Dr. White, professor of Arabic at Oxford, were natives of this place.

Source: A Topographical Dictionary of Great Britain and Ireland by John Gorton. The Irish and Welsh articles by G. N. Wright; Vol. III; London; Chapman and Hall, 186, Strand; 1833.


Nether Lypiatt Manor by Jellyboots
Nether Lypiatt Manor by Jellyboots. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.



LYPPIATT (LOWER and UPPER), two tythings in Stroud parish, Gloucester; near the canal and the Great Western railway, 2 miles E of Stroud. Pop., 1,276 and 4,061. Lyppiatt Park belonged formerly to the Throgmortons; belongs now to J. E. Dorington, Esq.; and is said to have been the place where the Gunpowder plot was hatched.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].


Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870

Paganhill, a hamlet in Whiteshill chapelry, Stroud parish, Gloucester; 1 mile from Stroud r. station. It has a post-office under Stroud.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A Fullerton & Co. N.d.c. [1870-72].


Lewis Topographical Dictionary of England 1845

Steanbridge, a tything, in the parish and union of Stroud, hundred of Bisley, E. division of the county of Gloucester; containing 1395 inhabitants.

Source: A Topographical Dictionary of England by Samuel Lewis Fifth Edition Published London; by S. Lewis and Co., 13, Finsbury Place, South. M. DCCC. XLV.

Family History Links

FamilySearch – Birth Marriage & Death records, Census, Migration & Naturalization and Military records – Free

Books About Stroud

Books about the history of Stroud

Stroud History Tour Paperback – 15 May 2016 by Howard Beard (Author). Stroud History Tour offers a unique insight into the history and buildings of a fascinating Cotswold market town. An itinerary has been created which will lead the reader to view the many places of interest lying along Stroud’s streets, public areas and byways. Although intended to begin at the town’s surviving railway station, the route can be joined at any point and, similarly, abandoned where desired – perhaps at one of Stroud’s many street cafés. By following the proposed tour it will become apparent which parts of the town date from the earliest times and also how its religious buildings have altered, or been put to new uses. In addition, interspersed among the captions, are anecdotes taken from the author’s personal and family history. A numbered map is included to assist the reader in exploring the fascinating changes that have taken place over the last century or so in Stroud.

The Stroud Valleys in the Great War Paperback – 3 Jan 2017 by Camilla Boon (Editor). The First World War claimed over 995,000 British lives, and its legacy continues to be remembered today. Stroud’s Five Valleys in the Great War offers an intimate portrayal of the region and its people living in the shadow of the ‘war to end all wars’. This highly accessible volume explores themes of local reaction to the outbreak of war; the experience of individuals who enlisted; the changing face of industry and related unrest; the work of the hospitals in the area; the effect of the conflict on children; the women who defied convention to play a vital role on the home front and how people coped with the transition to life in peacetime once more. The Great War story of the Stroud Valleys – including Stroud, Brimscombe, Chalford, Bussage, Woodchester, Stonehouse, Minchinhampton and Rodborough – is recalled by those who were there and is vividly illustrated with photographs, postcards, documents and other First World War ephemera.

Stroud Through Time Paperback – 15 Oct 2008 by Howard Beard (Author). Stroud is a fascinating Cotswold market town, built on a hillside at the convergence of five valleys. Into its rich history are woven many strands : the story of the wool trade, the arrival of canals and railways, the construction of fine public buildings and the development of streets, parks and shops. In the past few decades it has also attracted artists and has become strongly associated with green issues. Ninety-four classic old photographs – some never ever published before – are produced in an attractive sepia tone, accompanied by a modern colour photograph with an accompanying caption. The book focuses on the changing scene and highlights how the passage of time has affected the appearance of Stroud, its businesses, places of worship and open spaces.

Stroud Valley Childhood Paperback – 1 Jan 1992 by Terry Jones (Author).

Stroud Streets & Shops (Images of England) Paperback – 1 Aug 2004 by Wilfred Merrett (Author). Looking at the past of Stroud’s streets and shops through the use of pictures and informative captions.


  • County: Gloucestershire
  • Civil Registration District: Stroud
  • Probate Court: Court of the Bishop of Gloucester (Episcopal Consistory)
  • Diocese: Gloucester and Bristol
  • Rural Deanery: Stonehouse
  • Poor Law Union: Stroud
  • Hundred: Bisley
  • Province: Canterbury

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