Winchcomb Universal British Directory 1791

Is a parish twelve miles in compass, watered by a brook that runs into the Avon, ninety-three miles from London, sixteen from Gloucester, six from Cheltenham, twelve from Tewkesbury, twelve from Stow, and twelve from Northleach.  It is situate on the Cotswold-hills, is of great antiquity, and was formerly a county of itself, and enjoyed many privileges.  Kenulph King of Mercia had a palace here in the eighth century; he also founded a monastery in the place, whose abbot sat in parliament as a baron; but not the least vestige now remains of all its former grandeur.  The church is a good building, hath two aisles, a large chancel, and a lofty tower adorned with battlements and pinnacles.  It is a curacy, worth no more than ten pounds a-year, though the impropriation is worth three hundred pounds annually.  Here was formerly a very rich mitred abbey, founded by Offa king of Mercia. – The steeple of the church was thrown down by a violent storm on October 5, 1091.
Winchcomb is a populous town, but carries on very little trade, owing in a great measure to the badness of the roads in its vicinity, which are by far the worst in the county.  The town, or borough as it is still called, is governed by two bailiffs, annually chosen; and has a market on Saturday, and three annual fairs, viz. the last Saturday in March, May 6, and July 28; the first and last are very large fairs for horses.
Here is an alms-house for twelve poor women, and three charity-schools. – The inhabitants formerly planted tobacco here to very great account, till they were restrained in the 12th of Charles II after which the town by little and little decayed, and is now generally poor, and the very scites of its ancient magnificent buildings are levelled and ploughed up. – Banker: Thomas Fisher, who draws on Badger and Hudson, London.
Cheltenham is the post-town, from whence there is a cross-post. – A wagon weekly to London. – The following are the principal inhabitants:

Gentry, &c.

Cooke Jonathan, Gent, (F.)
Lucas John, Gent. (F.)
Lucas Joseph, Gent. (F.)
Phillips Thomas, Gent. (F.)
Rayer Mrs. Elizabeth

Clergy.

Pickering Rev. S. Cleeve
Roberts Rev. Richard, (F.) Vicar
Wynniatt Rev. Reginald, Stanton

Physic.

Banckes Adam, (F.) Surgeon and Apothecary
Reynalds William, (F.) Ditto

Traders, &c.

Ashmore Paul, (F.) Tanner
Barrett John, Sadler
Best Richard, (F.) Shoemaker
Bleby William, Baker
Browne Matthew, (F.) Dealer
Burlingham Richard, Peruke-maker
Burrowes William, Shopkeeper
Chadborn John, Schoolmaster
Chadborn Samuel, Taylor
Cornbill Richard, White Hart Inn
Crump William, Grazier
Cull John, Maltster
Cull John, jun. Baker
Durham William, (F.) Paper-maker
Fisher Thomas, (F.) Mercer
Freeman Mary, Grazier
Gardner William, Organist
Greenall John Claridge, (F.) Mason
Greenall John, (F.) Maltster
Greenall John, (F.) Grazier
Hall Thomas, Slater
Harvey Edward, (F.) Grazier
Harvey Francis, Grazier
Harvey David, (F.) Butcher
Harvey Mary, Butcher
Heavens John, (F.) Miller
Howman Richard, Breeches-maker
Hughes Joseph, Paper-mould Maker
Hughes John, (F.) Millwright
Humphries John, George Inn
Ireland Richard, Grazier
James, Thomas, Grazier
Jones Ferdinando, (F.) Wheelwright
Jones William, Butcher
Lecy Stephen, Fellmonger
Matthews Robert, (F.) Grazier
Matthews William, (F.) Grazier
Merryman Anne, Grazier
Merryman Thomas, (F.) Grazier
Newman John, (F.) Glazier
Newman Richard, Grazier
Noxon John, Glazier
O’Keasey Esther, White Lion Inn
Oliver John, Grazier
Pardington Joseph, Dealer
Phillips Thomas, (F.) Grazier
Poynor Charles, Mercer
Preston John, Maltster
Roberts Samuel, Carpenter
Rogers Anthony, Grazier
Rogers Anthony, jun. Grazier
Slatter John, Grazier
Smith Jane, Liquor and Cider Merchant
Smith Samuel, (F.) Cider Merchant
Smith Thomas, (F.) Baker
Staite John, Shopkeeper
Staite John, (F.) Grazier
Staite Thomas, Grazier
Staite William, Grazier
Stevens Benjamin, Maltster
Tarran John, Mason
Thurston Hugh, Mercer
Timbrell Henry, (F.) Shoemaker
Timbrell John, (F.) Shopkeeper
Timbrell Samuel, Paper-maker
Trotman John, (F.) Grazier
Turberville Richard, Cooper
Webb John, (F.) Breeches-maker
Wells Robert, (F.) Grazier
Wells Robert, Grazier
White Richard, (F.) Grazier
White Thomas, Soap-boiler
White Thomas, Innholder
Wilson John, Innholder
Wood Susanna, Mercer

Sudbury Tenements is in the parish of Winchcomb, – Sewdley, a little below Winchcomb, on a brook that runs into the Avon, is a parish six miles in compass. The castle is for the most part pulled down: it was once a place of great strength and magnificence; supposed to have been built in the fourteenth century, by Ralph de Boteler, a powerful baron of that period; it is now the property of Lord Rivers.  Its church was much defaced in the civil wars. – At Postlip, in this parish, are very extensive paper-manufactories, carried on by Mr. William Durham, – Toddington, north-east of Winchcomb, is a parish eight miles in compass, on the borders of which runs the Charan.  The river Isbourne runs through it from Winchcomb, in its course to the Upper Avon. – Hales, near Winchcomb and Toddington, had a famous abbey, built in 1246, of which there are no remains now but a neat cloister.  The church is a chapel of ease to Didbrook. – Prescot is two miles from Winchcomb, and five north from Cheltenham. – Sevenhampton, is five miles form Cheltenham, five from Winchcomb, and thirteen from Gloucester.  The church is in the form of a cross, with a low embattled tower in the middle, and was built about 1448. – Great Washborne is five miles north from Winchcomb, fifteen north-east from Gloucester, and seven north-east from Tewkesbury. – Stanway is six miles north from Winchcomb, and twenty-one north-east from Gloucester.  The church is large and handsome, and has a tower at the west end, adorned with pinnacles and battlements. – Stanton is seven miles north from Winchcomb. – Snowshill is seven miles north-east from Winchcomb; the church is annexed to Stanton.

Source: Universal British Directory 1791.

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