Stow-On-The-Wold Universal British Directory 1791

Is an ill built town, of very little trade, situate in the high Cotswold country.  The Roman foss-way passes through this town to Northleach, as does the present turnpike-road from Coventry and Warwick to Bristol and the west of England.  It is distant from Gloucester twenty-six miles, Campden ten, Burford nine, Northleach nine, and from London seventy-seven.  This place is generally called, in old records, Stow St. Edward, and had a grant from Henry VI for a corporation.  Its church is large, has a tower, and stands on a hill.  Here are an hospital, alms-house, and free-school, all well endowed, besides other charities, the poor here being very numerous.  This place stands so high, and is so exposed to the winds, that it is a common observation, that they have but one element, viz. air, there being neither wood, common, field, nor water, belonging to the town.  The parish, which is governed by two bailiffs, is twelve miles in compass, and has some good inns, viz. the Unicorn, White Hart, and King’s Arms.
The market is on Thursday; and the fairs, which are May 12 and October 24, have been famous for hops, cheese, and sheep, of which it is said twenty thousand have been sold in one of its October fairs; but the inhabitants are not suffered to set stalls before their own doors.  The tolls of the market and fairs are computed at eighty pounds a year.
A cross-post, under the Burford office, in and out daily. – Byrch’s Cheltenham and London wagon passes through weekly. – The following are the principal inhabitants:

Gentry, &c.

Bricknell William, Gent. (F.)
Chamberlayne Edm. John, Esq. (F.)
Kendall John, Gent. (F.)
Napper William, Esq. Slaughter
Pittman Philip, Gent. (F.)
Rice – , Esq. Bourton-on-the-Water
Scott John, Esq. Longborough

Clergy.

Browne Rev. Mr.  Swell
Chandler Rev. Mr.
Hippesley Rev. John, (F.) Rector
Leigh Rev. Mr.  Addlestrip
Pagett Rev. Simon, (F.)
Travell Rev. Mr. Slaughter
Vernon Rev. Mr. Bourton-on-the-Water

Physic.

Hayward John, (F.) Surgeon and Apothecary
Moss Richard, Ditto

Law.

Knight Joseph, (F.) Attorney

Traders.

Alcock Joseph, Mercer
Archer Christopher, Plasterer
Archer Richard, Clockmaker
Betteridge John, Shopkeeper
Betteridge Robert, Wheelwright
Bird George, Brazier
Blizzard Richard, Peruke-maker
Charles William, (F.) Mercer
Charles Richard, Grocer
Clifford John, (F.) Unicorn Inn
Clifford William, Baker
Clifford Richard, Mason
Collett William, (F.) Sadler
Collett Henry, Currier
Cornhill Charles, Baker
Dibble Thomas, (F.) Maltster
Ellis Daniel, Butcher
Farmer Richard, (F.) Mercer
Farmer Richard, Breeches-maker
Forty Joseph, Collar-maker
Fox John, Smith
Gardiner John, Joiner
Gladwin Robert, Smith
Hookham Thomas, (F.) Plasterer
Hookham Charles, Plasterer
Horseman James, Flax-dresser
Jeffereys James, Sieve-maker
Johnson John, Baker
Jones Grace, Shopkeeper
Maesey William, (F.) Victualler
Mason William, Baker
Matthews John, shopkeeper
Meadows Margaret, Shopkeeper
Minchin John, (F.) Distiller
Paine Alexander, (F.) Shopkeeper
Paine George, Schoolmaster
Paine Thomas, Shopkeeper
Paine William, Cooper
Palmer William, King’s Arms Inn
Pittman Richard, (F.) White Hart Inn
Pittman Joseph, Glazier
Pruce Mary, Maltster
Reeves Thomas, Baker
Robbins William, Victualler
Smith Robert, Glazier
Stratford James, Shoemaker
Webb Edward, Land-surveyor
Williams Charles, Shopkeeper

Source: Universal British Directory 1791

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