Gwennap is an Ancient Parish in the county of Cornwall. 

Alternative names: Gwennap with St Day

Other places in the parish include: Crofthandy, Frogpool, and Carharrack. 

Parish church:

Parish registers begin:

  • Parish registers: 1658
  • Bishop’s Transcripts: 1610

Nonconformists include: Baptists, Plymouth Brethren, Bible Christian Methodist, Wesleyan Methodist, and Wesleyan Methodist Association.

Adjacent Parishes

  • Lannarth
  • St Day
  • Baldhu
  • St Stithians
  • Perran-ar-worthal

Historical Descriptions

The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870

GWENNAP, a village, a parish, and a sub-district in Redruth district, Cornwall. The village stands 3 miles ESE of Redruth town and r. station; and has a post office, of the name of Gwennap-Church Town, under Redruth. The parish is inhabited chiefly by persons connected with mines; contains the seats of Pengreep, Burncoose, and Trewince, the latter two belonging to J. M. Williams, Esq., and E. Beauchamp Tacher, Esq.; and comprises 6,565 acres. Real property, £24,518; of which £15,443 are in mines. Pop., 10,537. Houses, 2,246. The property is much subdivided. The rocks abound in ores, principally copper ones; and the parish has been called “the great cupriferous parish of Cornwall.” De la Beche says that in part of the Gwennap district, “the country can be considered as little else than a mass of huge fragments, cemented together by various mineral substances; the great dislocations having been produced at two different times, at least; the last cutting off the continuity of numerous fissures previously filled in part by the ores of the useful metals, in this case chiefly by those of copper.” Some of the mines are worked to a depth of more than 200 fathoms under the sea; and short lines of railway go from them to the ports of Portreath and Devran. An interesting feature is noticed in our article CARN-MARTH; a small ancient earthwork is on Trebowling hill; and an ancient entrenchment, occupying about an acre, is on a hill opposite Carn-Marth. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Exeter. Value, £428. Patrons, the Dean and Chapter of Exeter. The church is ancient; was lately in part restored; has a separate tower; and contain s monuments of the Williamses and the Beauchamps. The vicarages of St. Day and Lannarth are separate benefices. There are chapels for Baptists, Wesleyans, and Plymouth Brethren, large national schools, and charities £18. The sub-district contains also the parish of St. Stithians. Acres, 10, 856. Pop., 12,895. Houses, 2,736.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].

Maps

Vision of Britain historical maps

Administration

County: Cornwall
Civil Registration District: Redruth
Probate Court: Court of the Bishop (Consistory) of the Archdeaconry of Cornwall
Diocese: Exeter
Rural Deanery: Kerrier
Poor Law Union: Redruth
Hundred: Kerrier
Province: Canterbury