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Mainstone is an Ancient Parish in Shropshire and partly in Montgomeryshire.

Other places in the parish include: Edenhope, Knuck, and Reilth in Salop, and the township of Castle-Wright in Montgomery

Status: Ancient Parish

Parish church:

Parish registers begin:

  • Parish registers: 1604
  • Bishop’s Transcripts: 1638

Nonconformists include: Primitive Methodist

Parishes adjacent to Mainstone

Historical Descriptions

Mainstone

The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870

MAINSTONE, a parish in Clun district, and mainly in Salop, but partly in Montgomery; and a division in Clun hundred, and wholly in Salop. The parish lies on Offa’s dyke, 4 miles W by. S of Bishops-Castle r. station, and 7½ SSE of Montgomery; and comprises the townships of Mainstone, Edenhope, Knuck, and Reilth in Salop, and the township of Castle-Wright in Montgomery. Post town, Bishops-Castle, Shropshire. Acres of the Salop portion, 4,931. Real property, £9,925. Pop., 220. Houses, 41. Acres of the Montgomery portion, 1,332. Real property, with Aston, £2,228. Pop., 145. Houses, 32. The property is divided among a few. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Hereford. Valne, £293. Patron, the Lord Chancellor. The church is a good building, with a belfry. Charities, £5. The division contains the Salop portion of the parish, and all of three other parishes. Acres, 21,315. Pop. in 1851, 1,318. Houses, 238.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].

Shropshire Gazetteer 1824

Mainstone. A parish partly in the Mainstone division of the hundred of Clun, partly in the county of Montgomery. The entire parish contains 451 inhabitants. The Shropshire part 49 houses, 296 inhabitants. A rectory discharged, in the diocese of Hereford, the deanery of Clun, and archdeaconry of Salop. 4 miles south-west of Bishopscastle.

Source: The Shropshire Gazetteer, with an Appendix, including a Survey of the County and Valuable Miscellaneous Information, with Plates. Printed and Published by T. Gregory, Wem, 1824

Castle Wright

Gregory Shropshire Gazetteer 1824

Castle Wright. A township in the parish of Mainstone, and in the Mainstone division of the hundred of Clun.

Source: The Shropshire Gazetteer, with an Appendix, including a Survey of the County and Valuable Miscellaneous Information, with Plates. Printed and Published by T. Gregory, Wem, 1824

Edenhope

Gregory Shropshire Gazetteer 1824

Edenhope, Upper and Lower. A township in the parish of Mainstone, and in the Mainstone division of the hundred of Clun. 3 ½ miles west of Bishopscastle.

Source: The Shropshire Gazetteer, with an Appendix, including a Survey of the County and Valuable Miscellaneous Information, with Plates. Printed and Published by T. Gregory, Wem, 1824

Reilth

Shropshire Gazetteer 1824

Reith or Reilth. A township in the parish of Mainstone, and in the Mainstone division of the hundred of Clun. 3 miles south west of Bishopscastle.

Source: The Shropshire Gazetteer, with an Appendix, including a Survey of the County and Valuable Miscellaneous Information, with Plates. Printed and Published by T. Gregory, Wem, 1824

Parish Records

FamilySearch – Birth Marriage & Death Census Migration & Naturalization Military Probate & Court

Poll Books

Mainstone, Poll Book 1865

Directories

Mainstone Cassey Shropshire Directory 1875

Mainstone Shropshire Parish Documents 1902

Documents in the custody of the Parish Meeting. – Kept at the Church, viz:-
Minute Book.

Documents, etc., in the custody of the Rector. – Kept in the parish chest in the Vestry, viz:-

“A true Register of Burialls in Wollen August the first “ Anno Dmi 1678-1690.” N.B. – There are many entries of sums raised on Briefs for various purposes entered at the end of this Register.

General Register (very badly mutilated), 1604 to (?) 1640. This Register contains a list of Churchwardens, Sidesmen, and Overseers.

Book containing Accounts of the Wardens, Overseers of the Poor, and Supervisors of the Wages, 1648-1712.

Book, 1713-1880, containing Churchwarden’s Accounts, collections for Churches, copies of Wills, and distribution of Charities. N. B. – This book is very interesting. It contains a record of very many “Collections of Briefs.”

In 1710 there is the following: – “Collected for ye Reformed “Episcopal Churches in Great Poland and Polish Russia, ‘01” (as this amount is in the £ column it is presumably £1.)

Also – “For Oyster Dredgers of Medway in Corn Kent, April 5th, 1742.”

The following is an interesting account for the year, 1801:-

The Accounts of John Homes, one of the Churchwardens for the Parish of Mainstone, for the year 1801.
Disbursed.

£ s. d.
Pd the late Warden 1 1 5 ½
For Bread 0 0 11
For wine 0 17 2 ½
PD the Mason 0 1 2 ½
A Proclamation 0 1 3
Parchment 0 0 2
A Prayer for the King 0 1 3
PD Apparitor 0 0 3
Mending a Box 0 1 8
A Prayer for the King 0 1 9
For writing the Register 0 0 10
Pd the singing Master 0 16 8
The Clarke 0 8 4
The Dogman 0 2 0
Expences 3 Visitations 0 15 0
for writing my street 0 3 0
Repairing the Bier Cloth 0 0 8
Pd the Apparitor 0 4 7
Briefs 0 2 3
Disbursed 5 2 10 ½
Recd. By Street 3 18 11 ½
due to me 1 3 11

Account of Overseers of the Poor, 1769-1820, which contains the following interesting and pathetic entry, viz:-

“November 21/1773.
Agreed in publick Vestry held on this day in the Parish Church of Mainstone that John Jones a poor boy maintained by the parish is to be settled as here followeth, viz: – that every householder shall keep this boy for half a year according to Lotts – first half year to be allowed fifteen shillings second half year twelve shillings and six pence and for every half year after two shillings and six pence less till he shall be able to get his living; only ye Parish to keep him in whole clothing and reasonably to be alowd if ye boy shall be sick.”

N.B. – This is signed by various persons, and a list of those persons who were to have the boy for the succeeding 12 half years is given.

Churchwarden’s Account Book, 1685-1712, containing many very interesting entries.

Highway Account Rate Book, 1855 – 1865.

Book, dated 1802-1821. Opening statement “An Assessment of one shilling in the pound made upon the inhabitants and occupiers of land in the Parish of Mainstone for the relief of the Poor of the said Parish for the year 1802, being the third Assessment.” Note:- This Book contains nothing but Assessments.

Rate Books, 1836-1848.

Conveyance, dated 10th and 24th June, 1673, of 3 acres of land more or less situate in the township of Mainstone, in a place called Cwm-y-Llan, for the use of the Poor in the Parish of Mainstone.

Receipt, dated 27th June, 1673, for £18 from John Bright the younger, for the purchase of a piece of meadow conveyed by an Indenture bearing date the 24th June, 1673.

Lease, dated 13th March, 1720, of the above, conveying it to the Rev. John Gifford, Rector, his Executors, &c. from the date thereof until the full term of 500 years thence, yielding and paying for the use of the poor yearly the sum of £1 10s. 0d., without any deduction or abatement.

Lease dated 28th April, 1727, between John Walcot of Walcot, and John Heycock Kevencallonog.

Conveyance, dated 1st May, 1741, from William Heycock, son and heir of John Heycock, of the unexpired part of Lease of 99 years to the Overseers of the Poor.

Lease, dated 16th January, 1747, between John Walcot and Francis Jones.

Conveyance, dated 4th May, 1767, between Francis Jones and Overseers of the Poor, conveying remainder of the Lease.

Release and Conveyance, dated respectively the 19th and 20th September 1734, and 20th April, 1735, of a parcel of land called Little Meadow, in the township of Mainstone, for the use of the Poor.

Conveyance, dated 2nd April, 1740, from the Revd. John Gifford to his successors, of a Cottage and garden situate near the Church.

Bond, dated 31st March, 1769, from Richard Beamond to the Revd. Samuel Dr. Edwards, Rector of Mainstone, for the sum of £19, and interest after the rate of £4 per cent. per annum.

A variety of Affiliation and Settlement Warrants.

Terrier, dated the 17th May, 1607, of the Glebe Lands belonging to the Parish Church of Mainstone, “Testifying that there is not any Glebe Land.

Tithe Map of the township of Castlewright, dated 24th June, 1841.
Tithe Map of the township of Edenhope, dated 31st Decr., 1840.
Tithe Map of the township of Reilth, dated 19th Decr., 1848.
Tithe Map of the township of Mainstone and Knuckshadwell, dated 19th Decr., 1848.

Source: Shropshire Parish Documents published 1902.  A report of the Inspection of Parish Documents made to Salop County Council under section 17 of the Local Government Act 1894.

Note: The location of the documents listed in this transcription are as cited in the book published in 1902 and should be used as a guide only. It should not be assumed that the documents are still kept at the stated location.  Interested parties should perhaps contact Shropshire records office to ascertain the documents current whereabouts.

Administration

County: Shropshire
Civil Registration District: Clun
Probate Court: Court of the Bishop of Hereford (Episcopal Consistory)
Diocese: Hereford
Rural Deanery: Clun
Poor Law Union: Clun
Hundred: Clun
Province: Canterbury

Further Reading

SHROPSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL & NATURAL HISTORY SOCIETY, 4TH SERIES, VOL. X: THE FAMILY OF JAMES, OF MAINSTONE, CO. SALOP. by Rev. C. S. James