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Studham is an Ancient Parish in the county of Bedfordshire.

Other places in the parish include: Markyate Street, Market Street with Humbershoe, and Humbershoe.

Status: Ancient Parish

Parish church:

Parish registers begin:

  • Parish registers: 1570
  • Bishop’s Transcripts: 1602

Nonconformists include: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Independent/Congregational, and Wesleyan Methodist.

Parishes adjacent to Studham

Historical Descriptions

Studham

The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870

STUDHAM, a parish in the district of Luton and counties of Bedford and Hertford; 4¼ miles S of Dunstable r. station. It contains S. village and Humbershoe hamlet; and has a post-office under Dunstable. Acres, 3,100. Real property, £3,214. Pop., 882. Houses, 181. The property is divided among a few. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Ely. Value, £150. Patron, the Lord Chancellor. The church, in 1864, was in a dilapidated state. Charities, £10.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].

Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales 1850

Studham, 4 miles S.W. Dunstable.

Source: Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales; Second Edition; C. W. Leonard, London; 1850

Humbershoe

The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870

HUMBERSHOE, a hamlet in Studham parish, Beds; adjacent to Herts, 4 miles S of Dunstable. Acres, 150. Pop., 418. Houses, 90.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].

Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales 1850

Humbershoe, in Studham parish. P. 374

Source: Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales; Second Edition; C. W. Leonard, London; 1850

Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.

Humbershoe The State of the Poor 1797

The hamlet of Humbershoe is situated in the town of Markyate street in the parish of Studham. It contains about 120 acres, and 170 inhabitants, whereof a few are Anabaptists: 15 houses pay the commutation tax; and 19 are exempted; in the latter is included an empty house, which would be chargeable if inhabited. The town, of Markyate-street, lies in 2 counties, and 3 parishes: it is situated on one of the great north roads; and chiefly depends upon travellers for support. This place is a singular instance of the great inequality of the poors rates in neighbouring parishes. In Humbershoe, (which is on one side of the street,) they are at 9s. in the pound; but in the 2 hamlets on the opposite side, they are not more than 2s. 6d. or 3s. in the pound. The reason assigned is, that the hamlet of Humberfhoe has very little land, and a number of ruinous houses. The inhabitants are, principally, innkeepers, common tradesmen, and shop-keepers: there is, likewise, one farmer, a few straw workers, and the rest are, mostly, agricultural labourers.

The prices of provisions are; beef 4 1/2 and 5d. the pound; mutton 6d.; lamb 6 1/2 or 7d.; veal 7d.; butter 11 1/2; bread 2s. the half peck loaf; coals 22d. and 2s. the bushel; potatoes, of which very few are sold, are 1s. 6d. the bushel; milk 2d. the quart, but very little is sold.

The wages of common labour are 7s. a week all the year, without board. In hay harvest, men receive 9s. a week; in corn harvest 40s. a-month, and diet. The wages for straw work vary from 2s. 6d. to 12s. a week according to the demand for the manufacture. The chief article manufactured is straw hats.

The rent of land is about 15s. an acre. The land-tax is £31. 1s. 0d. and is collected at 2s. 3 1/2d. in the pound, on the net rental. There is one farm of £84 a year: the rest of the hamlet is let in small parcels. A composition of from 3s. to 4s. an acre is taken in lieu of tithes. There are neither commons, or open fields in this hamlet.

There are no friendly Societies in this neighbourhood. The number of alehouses in the hamlet is 4.

The poor are maintained, at home: the following is a list of those who receive parochial, assistance.

Description Age Weekly Allowance s. d.
A labourer; lame; 60   1 6
A labourer; about 70      
His wife; about 70   4 0
3 children; orphans; from 8 to 12 years of age;     9 0
A decayed gentleman; 75   3 0
A bastard; 7   1 0
A bastard; 7   1 0
A tailor’s widow; bedridden; 85   4 0
A militia-man’s family;     3 0
    £1 6 6

Besides the above-mentioned persons, several poor people have their house-rents paid by the parish: the sum, annually disbursed, for this purpose, amounts to £6. 16s. Occasional relief is also given to the indigent. The assessments are at full rental. Out of the Rates about 30s. a year, are paid towards the county stock; and between £3. and £4. to constables. The vestry-clerk is allowed one guinea a year.

Source: The State of the Poor. Sir Frederick Morton Eden. 1797

Parish Records

Birth Marriage and Death Records

England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975

England Deaths and Burials, 1538-1991

England Marriages, 1538–1973 

England and Wales Birth Registration Index, 1837-2008

England and Wales Death Registration Index 1837-2007

England and Wales Marriage Registration Index, 1837-2005

England and Wales Non-Conformist Record Indexes (RG4-8), 1588-1977

 

Great Britain Deaths and Burials, 1778-1988

Great Britain Marriages, 1797-1988

Great Britain, Births and Baptisms, 1571-1977

United Kingdom, Maritime Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1787-1933

Grave Indexes

BillionGraves Index

Find A Grave Index

Migration and Naturalisation Records

Migration Records at FamilySearch

Newspaper Archives

British Newspaper Archive, Family Notices

British Newspaper Archives, Obituaries

Census Records

England and Wales Census, 1841

England and Wales Census, 1851

England and Wales Census, 1861

England and Wales Census, 1871

England and Wales Census, 1881

England and Wales Census, 1891

England and Wales Census, 1901

England and Wales National Register, 1939

Probate and Court Records

England and Wales, National Index of Wills and Administrations, 1858-1957

Military Records

Great Britain, War Office Registers, 1772-1935

United Kingdom, Chelsea Pensioners’ Service Records, 1760-1913

United Kingdom, Merchant Navy Seamen Records, 1835-1941

United Kingdom, Militia Service Records, 1806-1915

United Kingdom, Royal Hospital Chelsea: Discharge Documents of Pensioners 1760-1887 (WO 122)

United Kingdom, World War I Service Records, 1914-1920

United Kingdom, World War I Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps Records, 1917-1920

Maps

Vision of Britain historical maps

Administration

  • County: Bedfordshire
  • Civil Registration District: Luton
  • Probate Court: Court of the Archdeaconry of Bedford
  • Diocese: Pre-1837 – Lincoln, Post-1836 – Ely
  • Rural Deanery: Dunstable
  • Poor Law Union: Luton
  • Hundred: Manshead
  • Province: Canterbury