Last Updated on

Avebury Church
Avebury Church. Built just outside the Henge in the top right corner of SU0969 and with a splendid norman font showing a bishop defeating a (pagan) dragon. mym / Avebury Church / CC BY-SA 2.0

Avebury is an Ancient Parish in the county of Wiltshire.

Status: Ancient Parish

Alternative names: Abury, Aubery

Other places in the parish include: Beckhampton and West Kennet.

Parish church: St. James

Parish registers begin:

  • Parish registers: 1679
  • Bishop’s Transcripts: 1607; 1621

Nonconformists include: Independent/Congregational and Particular Baptist.

Parishes adjacent to Avebury

  • Bishop’s Cannings
  • Calne
  • Yatesbury
  • Cherhill
  • East Kennett
  • Winterbourne Monkton
  • Overton
  • All Cannings

Historical Descriptions

The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870

AVEBURY, or Abury, a village and a parish in Marlborough district, Wilts. The village adjoins a headstream of the Kennet river, 11/3. mile N of Silbury hill, 4 miles N of Wans dyke, 6½ W of Marlborough r. station, and 8 SSE of Wootton-Bassett; and has a post office under Chippenham. Its site is a flat area of 28 acres, once occupied by a vast Druidical temple. Dr. Stukeley, who examined the temple in 1720, supposed it to have originally consisted of 650 stones, and to have included the whole site of the present village. It is surrounded by a broad ditch, outside of which is a lofty vallum, intended, it is supposed, to enable spectators to observe the ceremonies over the whole extent of the area. Within the ditch was a circle, 1,400 feet in diameter, formed of 100 upright stones, from 15 to 17 feet in height, and about 40 in circumference, placed at a distance of 27 yards from one another. Within this were two circles, each consisting of two double concentric rows, composed of the same number of stones, and arranged in a similar manner. The grand circle had two entrances, consisting of double rows of 100 upright stones each, placed at equal distances, and extending a mile in length; the one terminating in a double concentric circle of smaller diameter, and the other having a stone larger than the rest at the extremity. Of this vast structure few traces now remain, the stones having been broken down and used n the construction of the houses of the village, and in repairing the roads. Many barrows and tumuli, together with Druidical stones, are in the neighbourhood; and a most remarkable one is that called Silbury Hill: which see. The parish includes the tythings of Beckhampton and East and West Kennet. Acres, 4,544. Real property, £6,717. Pop., 725. Houses, 153. The manor was given, in the time of Henry I., to the abbey of Boscharville in Normandy; passed first to Winchester college, Oxford, next to the collegiate church of Fotheringhay in Northamptonshire; and went, at the dissolution, to Sir William Sharington. Avebury-house is the manor-house. The living is a vicarage, united till 1865 to the vic. of Winterbourne-Monkton, in the diocese of Salisbury. Value, £250. Patron, the Lord Chancellor. The church is an ancient structure of stone and flint, with some Norman features, but much altered by modern repairs; and has a curious Norman font. Charities £10.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].

Avebury Manor
Avebury Manor by Matt Prosser. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales 1850

Avebury, 5½ miles W. Marlborough. P. 751.

Source: Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales; Second Edition; C. W. Leonard, London; 1850.

Complete Pocket Gazetteer of England and Wales 1807

Abury, or Aubery, (Wilts) a village near Marlborough Downs, remarkable for a collection of huge stones like those, on Salisbury Plain, and supposed by Dr. Stukeley to be the remains of a Druidical temple, which originally included the whole village within its circumference. It is surrounded by a high rampart, with a proportionable ditch on the inside; and from hence to W. Kennet is a walk nearly a mile in length, inclosed on both sides with large stones. A new road has been recently struck out this way from London to Bath.

Source: Complete Pocket Gazetteer of England and Wales; Crosby Rev. J. Malham; 1807.

Directories

Kelly’s Directory of Hampshire, Wiltshire, Dorsetshire and the Isle of Wight 1889

Administration

  • County: Wiltshire
  • Civil Registration District: Marlborough
  • Probate Court: Court of the Archdeaconry of Wiltshire
  • Diocese: Salisbury
  • Rural Deanery: Avebury
  • Poor Law Union: Marlborough
  • Hundred: Selkley
  • Province: Canterbury